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CLST; October 31 2011 Athenian Democracy and Imperialism.docx

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Queen's University
Classical Studies
CLST 101
Christina Zaccagnino

Mon. Oct 31, 2011 Chapter 6- Democracy in Athens how they worked Athenian Democracy and Imperialism - had kings, also noticed in Athens and Greece -> presence of many tyrants - aristocratic government, ppls from aristocracy was only able to gain power - Solon: constitution was based on ownership of property (depends on how much grain, wine, olive oil able to produce in one year) - after 1st century BC, some officials could be elected only from the first classes of property - Peisistratos: he was able with a coup to gain power in 561 BC, later the power, after his death, power held by Hippias and Hipparkhos (tyranny) in 510 BC - the idea of a possible tyranny was always a big concern for Athenians - think about ostracizes, we can better understand the institution if we under stand how large the concern was for them about a new tyrant having power in the city - after tyranny -> Democracy around 507 BC - Kleisthenes: reorganization of citizenry into new administrative units called phylai (tribes) - each tribe composed by number of demoi (coastal, inland, close or inside Athens itself) - important to notice in new kind of admin, idea of having REPRESENTATION of demoi from different parts of Attike - period started from reform was called democracy but the word was used later in 5th century BC, wasn’t used at the same time of invention - Demokratia (the rule of people/power of people) = Democracy - Isonomia = equal right of all citizens to exercise their politial right - our current democracy much different than that of the Athenian Democracy - only Athenian men above 18 had the right to exercise their politican rights, different from our modern democracy (women allowed to vote and be elected to become officials) - to be considered Athenian, both parents must be Athenians Persian Debate Democracy (Otanes) vs Oligarchy (Megabyzos) vs Monarchy (Dareios) - Herodotos, Histories p. 202 - considered democracy to be the best as everyone had the right in participation and making the decisions - oligarchy: government in the hands of a few, few of the best skilled as to how to run city. ex: poor people have the oppurtunity to improve skills in these matters - Dareios in favour of Monarchy: one person with absolute power over the ruling of a country Thucydides, Peloponnesian War - Perikles: constitution doesn’t copy laws of neighbouring states, rather a pattern to others than imitators ourselves. administration favours many instead of the few, this is why called demokratia... - concept/idea (seen during Peloponessian War, short time after war, Perikles dies) what Perikles said in public speeches, how Athens was the city was model for all Greek people. Concept stressed by Perikles - tyranny kept being a big concern, at end of 4th century BCE, 337/6, issued law against tyranny, there was still idea of possibility of tyranny, needed to be avoided - Ekklesia = Assembly - Boule = Council of 500 - talk about assembly: met on Pnyx hill, south of Agora - here people gathered in that area and all citizens from 18 - by end 5th BC and for 4th, we know young Athenians from 18-20 had to serve in the army, mandatory, because of that, not in the city, what we have to say is from end 5th, started to go to Assembly when they
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