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January 10, 2013- The Republic.docx

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Classical Studies
CLST 101
Christina Zaccagnino

 Lucretia was the wife of Tarquinius Collatinus  She was raped by Sextus Tarquinius, the son of Tarquinius Superbus, as he had fell in love with her  After the rape she made the decision to commit suicide  Before she went through with it she asked her father and Lucius Junius Brutus for revenge  They fought against the Tarquinius’, and the king and his family had to leave Rome  Romans rebelled against the idea of having one person rule (monarchy) around the same time Greeks overthrew tyranny The Republic (509-27 BCE)  Two consuls o Elected by an assembly of Roman peoples  One year office  Collegiality  Accountability  Dictator created around 501 BCE o Had absolute power o Was in office for only 6 months, and usually in charge only during emergencies  Decemuiri board of 10 men o Created in the middle of the 5 century BCE o Created the first code of law in Rome  Called Twelve Tables  Each table had to do with a specific area (ex. Homicide, burials etc.)  Military Tribune with the Power of a Consul 444-366 BCE) o Senate senes= old men o Comitium place of assembly o Comitia assembly Patricii (patricians) o From pater (plu. Patres) father Vs. Plebeians (members of plebs)  Tribuni plebis tribunes of plebs Patricians  Only by birth  Origins: o During the monarchy o According to tradition o A creation of Romulus  Monopolization of all important priesthoods Plebeians  Maybe the name related to the Greek word for masses  During the early Republic excluded from religious colleges, magistracies and senate  Its major tactic in crises was secession en masse from Rome  Not all Patricians were rich and all Plebeians were poor o Distinction was not made through their property  Nexum debt-bondage  Poor farmers and other citizens were completely in control by the people they owed money to and had to work for them  326 BCE Lex Poetelia (Law of Poetelius) brought the system of nexum to an end The Roman Conquest of Italy (509-264 BCE)  Ager Romanus o Part of the state of Rome o Could be used for Roman colonies and also for allotments given to soldiers, etc.  Ager Publicus o Had Roman
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