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January 14, 2013- Allies.docx

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Queen's University
Classical Studies
CLST 101
Christina Zaccagnino

 Lucius Cornelius Sulla distinguished himself during the Social War o The gold coin with him on it was the first equestrian monument of a living man  Since there were two important and influential men, him and Marius, and so Sulla was declared a public enemy of the state  The Republic started with the idea of not allowing one man too much power, but within the 1 century many men tried to gain more and more power to become absolute commanders of the city  Since Lucius was declared an enemy he made the decision to march into Rome with his army o Some members of the aristocracy joined him to escalate their own power  He was able to be proclaimed dictator, meaning he held all power  He started a lot of reforms, and wanted to have power  He retired later, maybe because he realized he was sick, or because he already did what he was suppose to do Personal Ambitions Pompey  Was a magistrate from Rome  Pompey Magnus Pompey the Great  He was inspired by Alexander the Great  Triumph of 81/80 BC for victories in North Africa  Triumph of 71 BC for victories in Spain  Triumph of 61 BC for the victory over the pirates (67), Mithradates (62 BC)  Triumph was something that was granted, one had to receive an official grant  Only given to officials who were able to defeat important enemies of Rome  Pompey saw himself having absolute power in the future  The symbol of the globe indicated Rome’s ability to gain power in the world of their time  In order to be important, it was necessary to have important allies The First Triumvirate (59-53 BCE)  Was an alliance between Pompey, C.J. Caesar, and M.L. Crassus  “The Three Men”  In order to be able to gain office it was necessary to have a lot of money for the campaign  Crassus is especially known for his political ambitions and wealth o He gave money to important politicians  Out of the three Pompey and Caesar were more ambitious  Caesar had some tribunes who were able to veto when voting, so when it was proposed that Caesar should lose his power, they were able to fight that  Pompey was granted 5 years of power in Spain, as well as the opportunity to become a sole consul in Rome  Caesar understood the situation was becoming very dangerous for him, so he asked that Pompey and Caesar would give up their power in the provinces  Pompey divorced his wife and married the daughter of an enemy of Caesar  In 49 BCE Caesar decided to march to Rome, and lead his army across the Rubicon o This started the Civil War  Caesar was now more powerful than Pompey, so Pompey left Rome and went to Greece so he could organize his forces  Caesar followed him, and this is when the Battle of Pharsalus occurred, and
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