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CLST 101 (73)
Lecture

January 15, 2013- Romanization.docx

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Department
Classical Studies
Course
CLST 101
Professor
Christina Zaccagnino
Semester
Winter

Description
 Constantine the Great o The first Christian emperor o The Romans killed Christians because they did not want to worship the emperor, only gods o 313 AD edict of Milan  The Christian faith is no more a criminal offence o The importance of Rome as the capital of the empire became less important, as he founded a new city in the East o Some Roman emperors never even went to Rome  The empire was split into 2 halves in 395 AD after the death of Theodosius I  The fall of the Roman Western Empire occurred in 476 AD o There was less wealth and monuments o Barbaric people attacked from the north o The King made the decision to declare the end of the Western empire o The last emperor of the empire was Romenous Augustus Romanization  Was more strong in some parts of the empire than others o Not homogeneity  Aspects of Roman culture promoted  Cultural exchange with new people  The Latin language was the common language  You can also see Romanization in architecture/urbanization in the way different cities were organized o Romans liked Greek art so they used a lot of models from it o They exported the organization of a public square to other colonies  Obtaining Roman citizenship was a very important event and they showed local pride  Individuals were able to be elected to be a magistrate even if they were not in Rome, such as for example Placius, who was heavily supported  An individual who acted as a magistrate in Rome brought pride to the whole community  The tombstone of Regina, the wife of Barates in 2 century AD carried both inscriptions in Latin and Palmyrene script o She was represented as the good Roman wife, as she had a spindle and wool in her hand, as a good Roman wife was to be good in working with wool  Polybius was a Greek that was deported to Rome, and he wrote an imporndnt work of history that is very important in describing the events of the 2 century BC o He noticed that the three types of government (monarchy, oligarchy, democracy) all control the Roman state o These three elements were used when drawing up the constitution, so it was unable whether the whole system was aristocratic, democratic, or monarchical  Imperium power o From imperare to order  Res publica activity of the Roman people  Auspicium magistrates had the power to the act of consulting the gods/divination o After their election the magistrate had to ask the gods if it was approved  When Caesar was a consul, M. Calpurnius Bibulus continually consulted the gods and said that every law must be passed, however he could not stop the activity of Caesar  Triumphus triumph o Prize awarded to a successful Roman general o
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