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January 21, 2013- Offices without Imperium.docx

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Queen's University
Classical Studies
CLST 101
Christina Zaccagnino

Offices without Imperium Quaestors  Quaestor the man who asks questions; investigator  Assistants of the consuls  They took charge of the state treasury (aerarium)  Originated during the period of the kings  The aerarium was located in the basement of the Temple of Saturn, which was in the Roman Forum  Saturnus was the god of agriculture  The festival in his honour was celebrated in December, and lasted one day (Saturnalia) o For one day there was a switch in roles, meaning owners had to wait on their slaves, and slaves were allowed to not be respectful to their owners  Queaestores urbani served in the city  One quaestor accompanied each holder of the imperium to his overseas privincia  There were 20 quaestores from the time of Sulla, as there were more and more provinces Tribunes of the plebs  Created in 494 BCE after the secession to the Sacred Mount or to Aventine Hill  No patricians in order to protect the plebians: see Publius Clodius Pulcher o Publius had to be adopted by a plebeian in order to be able to hold the office  Sacrosanctitas no one could attack them, or the attacker would be charged and punished without a trial  They were not accompanied by attendants  Presided the concilium plebis (assembly of the plebs) and presented bills to it  The decisions made were not considered to have any legal power until 287 when Lex Hortensia (Hortensian Law) was passed, and after it was all the decrees of the concilium plebis (plebiscite) had the force of a statue passed by all the people of Rome  They had the power of veto on any action of a magistrate or any senatorial proposal put forward before the other two assemblies (comitia centuriata, comitia tribute)  Assist any plebeian sized by a magistrate  In 63 BCE Marcus Tullius Cicero threatened a tribune o He was a consul o Titus Labienus had also killed a tribune, charges were dropped Aediles  Elected by the concilium plebis  “The aedile was the one who should look after sacred and private aedes (buildings)” - Varro  Originally their main function was to supervise the common temple (aedes) and cults of the plebs: Ceres and Diana  In 366 BCE a plebeian could also join, so the curule aediles were created  Originally only for the patricians, so the two groups had
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