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January 17, 2013- Magistrates.docx

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Queen's University
Classical Studies
CLST 101
Christina Zaccagnino

 There were several magistrates in Rome, with some originating during the Monarchic period, or the Republic Period  Different offices went through several changes, as Rome controlled more than just its own territory  An individual held office for one year, and were elected by the Assembly  Candidates were always campaigning, and many included bribery, as for example Caesar’s political office started with bribery  Magistracies with imperium o Consuls o Praetors o Dictators  Magistracies without imperium o Quaestors o Tribunes of the plebs o Aediles o Censors Consuls  Only patricians were in consuls up to 367 BCE  From 367 BCE one of the two consuls should be plebeian, which is what the plebeians fought for o The consuls were the main magistrates of Rome, so it was important for both the patricians and the plebeians to be represented  172 BCE for the first time there were two plebeian consuls  Elected by the comitia centuriata (centruriate assembly) o These assemblies were made based on age and wealth  180 BCE Lex Vibia Annalis  The individuals who wanted to pursue a political career realized it was necessary to put a minimum age on being part of the consul o Minimum age to be consul was 42  In order to become a consul the magistrate should have experience in other offices, specifically as a Quaestor or Praetor  There had to be a 10 year space in between being in consuls o There were some exceptions always made  The consulship was an office that was in place during the imperial period o Emperors had the office of consuls and were allowed to give consulship Consulship and Gods  When Marcellus was elected it started thundering, and the augurs (priests) declared there was something wrong with the election  The election did not meet the approval of the gods, and because of this, two plebeians were elected as consuls  Quintus Fabius Maximus was substituted into the consul for the third time  Consuls gave their name to the year Consuls  The main function was the command of the army o They had absolute power over the member
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