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CLST 101 (73)

January 22, 2013- Censors.docx

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Classical Studies
CLST 101
Christina Zaccagnino

 Floralia o In honour of Flora (goddess of flowers and blossoming plants) o Occurred in April 28 to May 3  When Caesar was an aedile in 65 BCE he used his office to promote himself o He organized temporary porticoes in the comitium (where the assembly met), the forum, and even on the Capitol in which he would show off material prepared for the games o The games put on by Bibulus and Caesar, but it was only ascribed to Caesar o Caesar was gaining a lot of power, and had so many gladiators, and was suspected to be a private army  The gladiators were also prone to start riots Censors  First appointed in 443 BCE  Generally had already reached the consulship  There were two censors  Their duty was to run a census: register of people and property (from Latin censere to assess)  Finished their office when their duty was completed (usually 5 years) lustrum  At the end of this five years there was a sacrifice that had to happen lustrum (could also mean period of 5 years) o The sacrifice was suouetaurilia, which was the sacrifice of a bull, a sheep and a pig  At the end of the 1 century BCE the office was limited to 18 months  They o Wore toga praetexta o Sat on the sella curulis o Held auspicial  They supervised the morals of the community  They reviewed the membership of the Senate, as they were suppose to have certain characteristics, such as being ex-magistrates and being wealthy, with proper morality  Censors summoned people to the Campus Martius in Rome to assess people o That was the centre of the government of Rome  Citizens were registered in tribes and centuriae  People and their property were listed; they had to declare what they owned o Army  There were five classes in the Roman army o Centuriae (groups of 100 men) comitia centuriata o Women and children were not included in the register, the persons had to tell the magistrates how many children they had and if they were married  They also had to review and assess the equites (calvrymen o Equites had to own at least 400,000 sesterces (currency in Rome)  Censors held a lot of power and were able to remove people from tribes and lists  204 BCE Censorship of Guis Claudius Nero and Mercus Livius Salinator  There were in charge of contracts for: o Public works
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