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CLST 101 (73)

January 24, 2013- Offices.docx

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Queen's University
Classical Studies
CLST 101
Christina Zaccagnino

 Nobilis noble o Families who had a history of being in office  Novus homo (pl. novi homines) new man o People who had just received Roman citizenship  Cult of the ancestors o Wax masks/busts of ancestors would be displayed in the house o Those who had political careers had a part of their house that was public, and that’s where the patron would be greeted every morning, and where friends and allies would be met, and there the wax masks and busts would be displayed  When any well-known family member died, the family would take images and masks to the funeral, and put them on men who seemed similar in height and size to the deceased  In the 2 and 1 century BCE there were changes to the magistracies o Rome has more territory to control o There are more people with Roman citizenship who can run for offices  Cursus honorum race for honours  After 197 BCE consulship was only possible after holding praetorship, so consulships would only go to those with experience  180 BCE The Lex Villia Annalus stated there must be a two year gap between consulship and praetorship  Sulla’s legislation (81-80 BCE) quaestorship was required before praetorship  Individuals who came from a line of ancestors in office consider themselves more important than new men  Cicero was a new man, and was attacked by a man from a nobilis family o Metellus Celer wrote Cicero a letter accusing him of addressing his brother in an inappropriate way, as his brother was part of a prestigious family o He says that the dignity and importance of his family should have been enough to hold Cicero back o He told Cicero that nothing will distract him from serving the state, as the rest of his family  Scipio Aemilianus chose not to serve in courts and follow his family in positions in office, and because of it was a great disappointment  Cato the Elder (Marcus Porcius Cato) was a new man and got consulship in 195 BCE, and he was sponsored by a wealthy and influential family o He was a censor in 184 BCE o He married a women of an important nobili family of Rome, which helped his political career  Cato the Younger (Marcus Porcius Cato) had an important political career, but he died young so he was not able to get the consulship o He also married into an important family and his son was also able to have a successful career and get a consulship  Marcus Tull
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