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March 14- Divorce.docx

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Queen's University
Classical Studies
CLST 101
Christina Zaccagnino

Divorce  The first man to divorce was Carvilius Ruga in 230 BCE  A woman could divorce at will o This was less frequent for a lot of social reasons o Generally the man made the decision to divorce  Divorce was a private act between the two households, and the reasons for divorce were also private  Uxor, uade foras wife get out of the house  Divorce generally happened in the upper class  In some cases divorce happened not only because there was no affection between the couple, but because it was necessary to marry a different woman in order to form an alliance  The dowry given to the husband was returnable in case of a divorce  After divorce the children were under the potestas of the father o The wife left the house, and the children were the responsibility of the father until they reached adulthood  In the case of a woman having several husbands throughout her lifetime, this brought her away from her children  The virtues of the ideal Roman woman o Uniuira with one husband o Lanificia working with wool o Domiseda staying at home Inheritance  On the death of the paterfamilias sons, daughters (if not emancipated still living in the house with the paterfamilias and not yet married) and the wife (if under manus) inherited in equal portions  In the absence of heirs (heredes) and wills the property was passed to the nearest relative in the male line  In 40 BCE it was decided that the heir should receive at least ¼ of the estate  In some cases the paterfamilias would adopt a heir once he was getting old, in order to pass along his estate (if he had no heir)  In 169 BCE the Lex Voconia established that women were banned from inheriting as heirs o Soon this was considered very injust, so it was established they could inherit, but they would inherit in a special form legacy or fideicomissum (trust) meaning they needed a representative who could make the act of inheritance valid  Seneca the Elder stated that the young men started to act in feminine ways (beatifying themselves)  Seneca the Younger said that few parents can reap the reward from raising their children, meaning maybe are aware of their sons only as burden o There was affection for the parents, but there was always a period during which there was not a complete und
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