o C. 1600 – C. 1200/1100
o First group to speak recognizably Greek language
Some connection with Minoans
This is an archeological time with no records telling us when/what things
We can work out what happened through the physical remains
o Particularly pottery
Named after site “Mycenae”
Stereotypically thought to be a warrior culture
Organized military style culture.
o No formal empire.
The Cycladics, Minoans, and Mycenaeans all developed around the Aegean sea.
Other Mycenaean sites near Athens, Sparta, and Pylos
Cycladics were succeeded by the Minoans
o Minoans lived on Crete
o Precedes Mycenaeans by 2000
o Phase 1
Start point of 1600
Came to Greece 1900’s B.C.
No physical remains until 1600
They were settling and absorbing everything around them.
A grave circle
Marked later by a surrounding wall
Burials were in rectangular shafts
24 burials here
Signs of broken pottery
o Possible evidence of Rites
Marked off because the people being buried were special/rich
Dug by Schliemann in 1870
17 graves with a similar shaft style.
Rich goods buried
Marked off as an important location. Walls
o Defense could be possibly for internal enemies.
o Mycenaeans had some cause to worry about security.
o Walls would also enclose palace area.
There are signs of possible ancestor worship
Gold/gold related objects were found in tombs
o Schliemann named the golden face the “face of Agamemnon”
Mask is much earlier than that
Gold working and incision work were remarkable
Possibly crafted by others than the Mycenaeans
Based on techniques earlier seen as far as Syria.
o Imported workers?
Gold most likely came from Egypt or even further such
Hunting images also found
o Hunting is popular in Mycenaean art
Hunting would be enjoyable for elites and could be used
for training for warfare.
Artistic achievement and technique are important.
Many exotic animals such as lions shown.
o A mix of gold and silver.
Found Jewels while searching for Troy and gave to his wife.
o Called the jewels “the treasure of Priam”
o Some believe its a forgery
o Others believe it is a death mask.
A type of tomb
Called a beehive tomb by archaeologists
Start off relatively small and are massive structures by the end of the
Used massive and curved stones
Remarkable feat of engineering and command
Started C. 1500
o Shows that the Mycenaeans have developed a strong command
of men and materials.
o They would use specialized stones found far away.
Entranceway was called a Dromos.
Treasure of Atreus o Found by Schliemann
o Atreus founder of line of Agamemnon
Don’t know who was buried there.
People were buried in center shafts or in side rooms.
o They were also re-usable.
Massive tools by the end of our period.
By Phase 1 they are making their entrance into the eastern mediterranean stage
through their architecture and their imports.
o Phase 2
C. 1450 – C. 1200/1100
Mycenaeans occupied Crete by 1450.
No history of why they were there/what they were doing.
Volcano on santorini erupted around then.
o May have affected island of Crete and had an impact on the
May have come in then
Minoans culture linked solely to Crete.
Mycenaeans expanded to Knossos
o They would adopt others cultural techniques and began to build
palaces such as those the Minoans built.
o Imposed themselves over the Minoans and merged the
Minoans into themselves.
Difference in palaces location
o Mycenaean palaces were on high ground
o Minoan palaces were on low ground.
o Both had drainage
o Both had a fresco style of art
Mycenaeans style was slightly different.
o Huge blocks of stone
o Typical of Mycenaean culture
Greeks named them Cyclopean for their size.
Maybe learned the technique for moving them from