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CLST 200 #2

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Queen's University
Classical Studies
CLST 200
Caroline L Falkner

Sept 12, 2013 CLST 200 - Class #2 Phase ONE The Mycenaeans, c. 1600 – c. 1200/1100 - Called the Mycenaeans because of the site of Mycenae - Stereotypically Mycenaeans are thought of as a military culture - See map, blue is a previous culture, pink are the Minoans which preceeds them and then the Mycenaean’s - Phase one starts around 1600 - Early Grave Circles (Shaft) at Mycenae c. 1600 – c. 1500 - Culturally they are changing - Circle B is first, known as a grave circle with a number of different burials in the circle o Reusable burials o Could be because it is an area marked off for special/ powerful figures - Circle A is the most famous of the two o Dug by Schliemann o Later, within a century of circle B o Similar shaft style and some graves were rich and the people buried there showed evidence of wealth o Why is there a fortification wall, that extensive around the burial  Defense, fear of attack, grave robbing  Surrounding the palace area o Graves inside the fortification wall was unusual o Ancestor worship? - Everything in the tomb was gold or gold related - Schliemann named one the face of Agamemnon - The gold working and incision work on the blades had a lot of technique, known from the near east, Syria and Lebanon - Connected with training for warfare - Artistic achievement and technique important - Gold is not found very frequently in Greece o Usually came from Egypt or beyond like Lebanon o Very important - Schliemann dressed his wife in the jewels pretending they were Helen of Troy’s Mycenaean tholo o Beehive tomb, massive pieces of architecture o Use of massive stone and the stone going up into a curve o By the 1500s the Mycenaeans are showing us that they have a community with a command of resources o The artistic element and sheer engineering is extraordinary - The dromos is the formal entrance of the tholos - Treasury of Atreus was named by Schliemann (nothing to do with the Trojan war) - The founder of the family of Agamemnon - The Mycenaeans were making their entrance to the Mediterranean through their architecture and items Phase TWO The Mycenaeans c. 1450 – c. 1200/1100 - Knosses (Minoans) c. 1450 – c. 1375 - Palaces: Cyclopean; megaron; frescoes o Built on the model of a previous house on main land Greece, Megaron o Mycenaenas palaces are in high places, high ground (fear of whats coming?) o Minoan palaces are built on low ground  They had different frescoes o They had archive
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