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CLST 201 (186)
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March 5.docx

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Department
Classical Studies
Course
CLST 201
Professor
Richard Greenfield
Semester
Winter

Description
March 5 March-05-14 4:03 PM • Caesar Octavian and Marc Antony • Other Reforms o Senate advisory function only: now 900 men, veterans, equites, Gauls...ADVISE • What the Senate was supposed to be • Full of Caesar supporters, so that things would go his way o More quaestors (40, prev 20), and more praetors o New calendar (46­45) • Used to be Lunar • Started in March (the campaigning season) • Would add 10 days or so every 2 years or so, in order to keep things  normal; also had an 8 day week • Got the idea of a Solar Calendar based on that of the Egyptians o One­man rule, destroyed senatorial oligarchy • Wouldn't have to go through the Senate for approval • Generally people were happy, provincials also, but Optimates hated him. o Julius Caesar had son with Cleo; Caesarian o Conservatives felt like he was acting like a king, or divine being • Too much power, no one could speak out against him, he controlled  everything; o So there was a plot to kill him o G. Cassius Longinus and M. Junius Brutus: reasoning was that Caesar was  destroying the Republic (i.e. the Senate) • Caesar was warned: Beware the Ides of March (15th) • He was stabbed 23 times on the Ides • Died at foot of Pompey's statue (rival and friend) ??? • Caesar's failing?  Moved too fast, not tactful, destroyed the power of the senate • Did he destroy the republic? • Ruthless, but tried to solve problems o Murder solved nothing; led to civil war o M. Antony (consul 44 with Caesar), M. Aemilius Lepidus (Caesar's cavalry  commander, consul in 46): loyal to Caesar (Caesarian Faction) o Brutus and Cassius: Conservative faction) o Conspirators out of favour: Brutus and Cassius fled to their provinces • They didn't realize how popular Caesar really was (until the public  turned against the conspirators) o After Caesar's death, a lot of uncertainty and fear about what would happen o Antony very tactful ­ senate felt happy o Antony saw himself as next in line o Gaius Octavius Thurinus 63BC­14AD • Caesar's gr
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