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CLST 201 (186)
Lecture

Jan15.docx

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Department
Classical Studies
Course Code
CLST 201
Professor
Richard Greenfield

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Jan15 January-15-14 4:02 PM • Menu o Continue with early political organization o Servian Constitution o Conquest of Italy o Struggle of the orders o Organization of the Republic o The punic wars • 7 Hills of rome (Going from 12o'clock; clockwise) o Quirinal Hill o Niminal Hill o Esquiline Hill o Caelian Hill o Aventine Hill o Janiculum Hill o Capitoline Hill • Senate: King's council o Great power and prestige • Interrex ­ chosen by Senate • King: o Chief military o Executive and administrative power o Office for life o Civil and military powers • So, 1) King; 2) Senate; 3) Assembly • 6th King: Servius Tullius ­ Servian Constitution  o Tribes from kinship to wealth: 3 to 10, later up to 21 and then 35ish o Tribes based on wealth o Remember Solon o New Assembly ­ Comitia Centuriata • 193 centuries (98 and 95) • Majority of the centuries are Pats (98), leaving the Plebs with the  minority...always o Plutocracy: elected chief magistrates, declared war (rule of the rich) o History of Rome 2 pronged • Conquest of Italy • Struggle of the plebs for more rights • Conquest of Italy o Etruscans: c.500­400 … Latin League o Gauls (i.e. Celts): c. 387 sacked Rome, peace by 331. • Basically bribed them to leave o Samnites: c. 343­290 • Hated Rome • Difficult fighting, dirty fighters • Rome eventually won • Rome changed their tradition tactics to defeat the Samnites.  o Greeks: c. 281­265; King Pyrrhus (280­275) • Pyrrhus brought Elephants • Defeated Romans a number of times • But in winning, he lost a catastrophic amount of men o c. 265, Romans conquer most of Italy o Carthage • Reasons for their success o Changed their tactics o Roads o Location of Rome • Separation of Enemies o Colonies: Roman citizens around Italy; could keep an eye on the enemies o Alliances o Unity­ everyone fighting for the same cause • Pats vs Plebs o Plebs fed up: contributions in wars, problems with the gov't o They fight in wars, but don't get rewards o The gov't does not listen to them; all votes are rigged against them o Ager Publicus • Public field • Land taken in battle • Plebs did not get the land, Pats got it • Had to borrow money from Pats to start up farms after returning from  war • They's unhappy  Magistracies controlled by Pats  Magistrates too powerful  Role of assemblies • The Republic
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