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Lecture 2

Clst 340 lecture 2 2013/2014

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Classical Studies
CLST 340

Clst 340 Lecture 2 September 12, 2013  Plutarch test is replacement for term paper o Read twice o 15/15 is not impossible  Italy o Italic groups of Latins and Sabellians o Greeks in the south o Gauls in the north o Etruscans  Romans very close with Etruscans at Etruria  Etruscan Tombs and Works o Urns  Urns very stylized  Shaped like huts at times  Afterlife shown is a banquet  Made of clay or terracotta (baked earth) o Eretium  Eventually corned market of the world in pottery  Red clay of Italy is very good for pottery. o Burials  Began to lay bodies out (inhumation)  Indicates a settled situation  Cone and circular tombs were often found  Tumulus graves  Mounds raised over the graves  Sarcophagi found within  Portrayals and sculptures of those buried there o Only for the very wealthy  Etruscans years ahead in gender equality o Women could be rich, have their own personalites, show faces, etc  Larthia Seianti o Famous tomb of wealthy Etruscan woman  Husband and wife could be buried together  Men less dressed than women o Borrowed alphabet from the Greeks  Romans took it from Etruscans o Villa Giulia  Beautiful gardens and Etruscan art o Trade  Egypt  Ivory, papyrus, grain  Greece  Phoenicians o Best examples of painting often inside Etruscan tombs  Banquets show people lying down on one side.  Some examples reminiscent of Minoan period.  Pottery had faces, animals, and hybrid creatures such as the Sphinx  Showed Hercules and Apollo very often  Amphorae  Type of container filled often with wine and oil o Etruscan warrior figurines  Learned phalanx from the Greeks  Statue of Apollo of Veii o Terracotta o 5 ’10 o Their representation of Apollo o They called Apollo Fufluns o Etruscans developed the toga  Toga – that which has been woven  Named by Romans o The Orator statue (Der Redner)  Bronze statue o Used visual aids  Ex: bronze model of a sheeps liver  Done for learning how to check the entrails of animals for prophecy  Haruspex: person who reads the entrails o Boundary stone  Agreement between families on borders  Found at perusia o Gold tablets of Pyrgi  Pyrgi – port city of Caere  Indicates a treaty between that city and the Phoenicians  Legal document  Dealt with leader of Caere establishing temple to Phoenician goddess o Modern Etruscan Lucca  Has evidence of ampitheaters  Early Latium o Being on water makes you a target of piracy. o South of Latium are the Sibellians  Enemies at first o City proper of Rome  Founded on 7 hills  Palentine and Quirinal were the first hills  In between them is the Capitoline o In between Capitoline and Palentine is the forum  Cross the Tiber to reach Janiculum  Etruscan territory o Stories on early Roman period written hundreds of years later  Titus Livius  Most complete history of Rome  Lived in time of Augustus with Vergil and Horace  Died 19 A.D.  Tutored Claudius  Dionysius of Halicarnassus  Wrote Roman antiquities  Plutarch  Biographies of Romulus and other early people  Tacitus  Would mention foundation  Cicero  Mentions various laws of old kings  Virgil  Aeneid  Their sources
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