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CLST 100 Lecture Notes - Ephorus, Cyropaedia, Herodotus

Classical Studies
Course Code
CLST 100
Christina Zaccagnino

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nomos = custom, law, culture
phusis = nature
arete = goodness
Plato: goodness (arete) is knowledge
historia = research, inquiry
logographoi = historians (with a bit of geography and other subjects)
Hekataios from Miletos (late 6th C. BCE) Description of the Earth
Herodotos from Halikarnassos (c. 480 420 BCE)
- Halikarnassos/Halicarnassus is where Greek and Carian cultures meet
- Hellenes = Greeks, Hellas = Greece
- Author of Histories, an inquiry of things done by man so that they not be forgotten in time,
contemporary records, NOT history
Thucydides from Athens (c. 460 400 BCE)
- Author of Peloponnesian War (unfinished)
- Starter of annalistic tradition (year-by-year record)
- General (strategos)
Xenophon from Athens (c. 428 354 BCE)
- Hellenika, Anabasis, Cyropaedia, Memorabilia
Ephoros from Kyme (c. 405 330 BCE)
- 30 books lost,
- From the return of the Heraklidai until the siege of Perinthos by Philip the Macedon in 340 BCE
Diodorus of Sicily (1st C. BCE)
- Used Ephoros as source
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