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CLST 100 Lecture Notes - Miletus, Uncommon Knowledge, Greek Alphabet

Classical Studies
Course Code
CLST 100
Christina Zaccagnino

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800-750 BCE Introduction of the Greek Alphabet
There were different dialects in Greece, therefore this means different letters
had different meanings in certain areas
430 BCE Athens adopted the Ionic alphabet used in Miletos
By the middle of the 4th century BCE it had become the common Classical
Greek alphabet
o Used by all Greeks
They used to write right to left or vice versa, or in boustrophedonone line
was left to right, the following right to left
o The name comes from the idea from the bulls pulling the plough in a
The Nestor’s cup from Pithekoussai comes from a tomb, and it gets its name
from the scratches on the surface
There was knowledge of the epic poems at the end of the 6th century, and
whoever read the text on the cup was able to understand what it was
referring to
Papyrus was used to record texts
o Papyrus was also used for cartonnage
Was made out of layers of papyrus with plaster, and was used
for the masks of the mummies and other elements of the
There was a revision of all Greek literature in the Museum of Alexandria
The museum was very important for science and humanities
We don’t have all the Ancient Greek literature due to fires, etc.
Sappho was one of the most famous female poets
Sappho was represented on vases, and she lived around 600 BCE
o She wrote about love and passion, and referred to the relationships
she had with the girls of her island (Lesbos)
Epic cycle
Cupria lost epic poem
o The origins of the War of Troy and its first events
There is a presence of the supernatural vs. natural world in the Cupria
Other ancient sources of the epics poems mention the daughters of Anios,
who were able to produce honey, grain etc.
Lynkeus had exceptional view
Echidna was a hybrid monster, and also the mother of Khimaira
Khimaira is mentioned in Homer because it is mentioned how Khimaira was
Echnida had a offspring, Hydra, and to fight Hydra was one of the 12 deeds of
Philosophoa Philosophy
o Originally it meant devotion to uncommon knowledge
o There was a specialized sense from the time of Plato
Only those who were very rich were philosophers at the beginning
Skhole leisure
o Only the ones who had time for leisure were able to dedicate
themselves to school/knowledge
The origin of philosophy was in Greece and Near East