CLST 100 Lecture Notes - Dialectic, Herodotus, Miletus

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Nomos custom, law, culture
Phusis nature
People used to eat their relatives, but were convinced to burn them instead
Sokrates
He attempted to show the truth using a method known as induction, which is
an argument through examples
o This method was also known as Maieutics
Originates from the word midwifery
Plato, Lakhes, 191a (textbook, 297) we base our knowledge on Sokrates
from dialogues from Plato
He would use dialogue (dialectic) with the pupils, and through this the pupils
were able to understand the real truth
He was not paid for his teachings
Goodness (arête) is knowledge
He did not write anything
Medicine
They understood disease was due to an imbalance of the body, not an
intervention of the gods
Hippokrates did not think one medicine should be put in a separate category
(Sacred disease), as no medicine was hopeless or incurable
It was important to observe all symptoms to get cure and find diagnosis
Historia research, inquiry
Logographoi people who kept records
Hekataios from Miletos late 6th century BCE
He wrote Description of the Earth
Herodotos from Halikarnassos c. 480-420 BCE
Hellenes Greeks, as Greeks did not call themselves Greeks
Thucydides from Athens c. 460-400 BCE
Wrote the Peloponnesian War, but it is unfinished
Started the annalistic tradition
Xenophon from Athens c. 428- 354 BCE
Hellenika
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Document Summary

People used to eat their relatives, but were convinced to burn them instead. He attempted to show the truth using a method known as induction, which is an argument through examples: this method was also known as maieutics. Plato, lakhes, 191a (textbook, 297) we base our knowledge on sokrates from dialogues from plato. He would use dialogue (dialectic) with the pupils, and through this the pupils were able to understand the real truth. He was not paid for his teachings. They understood disease was due to an imbalance of the body, not an intervention of the gods. Hippokrates did not think one medicine should be put in a separate category (sacred disease), as no medicine was hopeless or incurable. It was important to observe all symptoms to get cure and find diagnosis. Hellenes greeks, as greeks did not call themselves greeks. Wrote the peloponnesian war, but it is unfinished.

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