Lecture #4 jan 11th the beginning of modern archaeology continue . Napoleon"s expedition to egypt (1798-1800); 1822 jean-francois champollion deciphers the. Egyptian hieroglyphic writing after discovery the rosetta stone. Inscribed on the stone were parallel texts written in both egyptian and greek scripts. Similar piece of detection helped with the decipherment of the cuneiform script, which was used for many languages in ancient mesopotamia. Travels of john lloyd stephens and frederick catherwood in mexico revealed the ruined cities of the ancient maya through superbly illustrated books (1840s) 19 th century north american pioneers: the question of the moundbuilders . Ephraim squier: the mounds were not the work of native americans, who were not capable of such accomplishments as they were hunters averse to labor . Samuel haven: the native american peoples were ancient and probably originated from asia. John wesley powell: record of the tribal oral histories and the traditions of the native americans.