Class Notes (1,100,000)
CA (650,000)
Queen's (10,000)
CLS (1,000)
CLST 203 (100)
Lecture 6

CLST 203 Lecture 6: CLST 203 Lecture 6 (Jan 26)


Department
Classical Studies
Course Code
CLST 203
Professor
Graeme Ward
Lecture
6

This preview shows pages 1-2. to view the full 8 pages of the document.
CLST 203 Lecture 6 Jan 26th
Hera/Juno
- I sig of golde-throned Hera whom Rhea bore. Queen of the immortals is she, surpassing all in
beauty: she is the sister and the wife of loud thundering Zeus the glorious one whom all the
lessed thoughout high Olpus eee ad hoo ee as )eus ho delights i thude.
HH to Hera
- Telea Fulfillet often just called Telea, fulfilment of marriage
Wife of Zeus
- Goddess of women
Marriage this is important to her
Childbirth protects women and children
- Temple at Argos
Also the goddess of Political sovereignty, especially at Argos
The greatest temple at Argos was to Hera (certain cities often have favourite
gods/goddesses)
Also a temple of Hera at Olympia
- Roman Juno
In Rome, she is called Juno
Juno is an example of how women should live
Matrona maternal
- Less important in myth, more important in worship
Zeus and Hera
- Quarreling Couple
12-14
Zeus often would cheat
Cheating was legal, but still seen bad socially
- They are seen as the last generation of Sky and Earth gods
- Hieros gamos
- Hea’s sedutio (28-30)
Make him fall asleep by having sex with him so she can go down to earth and help the
Greeks in the war
She seduces him
“he sas she’s goig to go see he ousi Oeas, ut he sas o, let’s ake loe
- 4 children
Eileithyia, Hebe daughters, mortals
Hephaestus, Ares sons, mortals
Eileithyia
- Does’t hae uh ths
- Goddess of childbirth
Eleutho put forth the idea of giving birth
Extension of Hera, since Hera is also the goddess of childbirth
- Abstraction
- Zeus and Athena
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com

Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

- Artemis and Apollo assists in this birth
Hebe
- Goddess of outhful loo
- Hebe = bloom of youth, beginning of puberty
- Abstraction
- Wife of Heracles. Loses cup-bearer duties as cup-bearers are supposed to be virgins
- Cup-bearer of Olympus
Symposia = Greek parties, dinner banquet, only men can attend these parties, although
women would often serve them.
- Replaced by Ganymede
Zeus and Ganymede
- Trojan prince
Son of Tros (Troy)
Eponym a person, place, or thing is named for something.
- Zeus sees him, falls in love with him, and abducts him
- Brings him to make him the Cup-bearer of the gods
- Pederasty in Greek myth
Aristocratic custom
Athens
Symposia
Men have younger partners
Hephaestus/Vulcan
- God of crafts and the forge (blacksmith)
Artisanship makes crafts, weapons, tools, etc.
- God of fire (above or beneath)
- Greeks associated him with the Island of Lemnos
- Romans associated him with Mt. Etna, Sicily
- Lame god - he is a cripple god, not as attractive as other gods, has a beard, etc.
- Wife is Aphrodite (as a joke. Ugliest god with the prettiest goddess)
- HH to Hephaestus: “ig, lea-voiced Muse, of Hephaestus famed for inventions. With bright-eyed
Athena he taught men glorious crafts throughout the world men who before used to dwell in
caves in the mountains like wild beasts. But now that they have learned crafts through Hephaestus
the famed worker, easily they live a peaceful life in their own houses the whole year round. Be
gracious, Hephaestus, and grant me success and prosperity!
Benefactor to humanity
Prometheus is another one
He never harms humans, very positive towards humans
- Temple of Hephaestus, Athens. best maintained temple, closest to the Agora
- God of Fire
Armour for Achilles after he lost his(32)
I ill go to the cunning workman Hephaestus on high Olympus, and ask him to provide my
so ith a suit of spledid aou…
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Hephaestus vs River Xanthus (33)
Hephaestus then kindled a fierce fire, which broke out first upon the plain and burned the
many dead whom Achilles had killed and whose bodies were lying about in heart numbers.
B this eas the plai as died ad the flood eased…The he tued togues of fie to
the river. He burned the elms, the willows, and the tamarac, the lotus also, with the rushes
and marshy plants that grew abundantly by the banks of the river. The eels and fishes that
go darting about everywhere in the water, these, too, were sorely attacked by the flames
that cunning Hephaestus had kindled, and the river himself was scalded, so that he spoke,
Hephaestus, thee is o god ho a hold his o agaist ou.
- Lame God: Punished by Zeus (14)
Trying to cheer up Hera: Chee up,  dea othe, said he, ad ake the est of it. I
love you dearly, and should be very sorry to see you get a thrashing; however upset I might
be, I could no help there is no resisting Zeus. Once before when I was trying to help you,
he caught me by the foot and flung me from the heavenly mountain. All day long from morn
till evening, was I falling, till at sunset I came to ground in the island of Lemnos, and there I
la, ith e little life left i e, till the “itias ae ad healed e.
- Lame God: Born of Hera
Hera explains why Hephaestus is lame
Once upon a tie Hera bore him because she was angry with Father Zeus, when the son of
Cronos bore all-glorious Athena from his head. Because of than Queenly Hera was angry and
spoke thus aog the asseled gods: Hea fo e, all gods ad goddesses, ho loud-
gathering Zeus begins to dishonour me on purpose, when he has made me his true-hearted
wife. See now, apart from me he has given birth to bright-eyed Athena who is first among all
the blessed gods. But my son Hephaestus whom I bore was weakly among all the blessed
gods, and lame in his foot, a shame and a disgrace to me in heaven, whom I myself took in
 hads ad ast out so that he fell i the geat sea…
Hera is the one who threw him down and injured him. Says that she gave birth to him alone.
Since Zeus had no involvement in his birth, he was deformed.
- He is often a funny god. Aphrodite cheats on him with his brother Ares. Apollo goes and tells
Hephaestus that Aphrodite is cheating on him with Ares, so he tries to catch them in the act. He
makes a net over the bed that will fall if anyone jumps on the bed. He caught them, but the
reactions were funny.
The Gods’ Reatio
Thus did the speak to oe aothe, ut Apollo said to Hees, Messege
Hermes, giver of good things, you would not care how strong the chains were,
ould ou, if ou ould lie eside Aphodite?
Apollo, aseed Hees, I ol ish I ight get the hae, though thee ee
three times as many chains = and you might look on, all of you, gods and goddesses,
ut ould sleep ith he just as I ould. The iotal gods ust out laughig as
they head hi…
Ares/Mars
- Very different between Greek and Rome
- War and strife
- Young, fast, bearded, nimble, powerful
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version