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Lecture 4

COMM 151 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Big Five Personality Traits, Chameleon, Extraversion And Introversion

Course Code
COMM 151
Christopher Miners

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COMM 151: Personality and Abilities 2018-01-19
Review: Personality
Characteristics on which people differ that are relatively stable across situations and over
The Big Five
o Extraversion
o Emotional Stability
o Agreeableness
o Conscientiousness
o Openness to Experience
Strong situation: significant rules and norms of established behaviour
Weak situation: more flexibility for social behaviour, which allow for people’s
personality traits to show through
o Personality traits are a much better predictor of people’s behaviour in weak
situations vs. strong situations
o Degree to which you use social cues vs. personal attitudes and beliefs to guide
your behaviour
o High self-monitors use social cues (social chameleon)
o Low self-monitors use personal attitudes and beliefs (what you see is what you
Locus of Control
o High external locus of control: Believe behaviour is determined by fate, luck and
powerful people
o High internal locus of control: Believe behaviour is determined by self-initiative
and free will
See a greater link between work and results, and manage stress better
o The degree to which a person has a positive evaluation of themselves
o High self-esteem leads to positive relationships with job performance and
o Low self-esteem leads to being mote susceptible to external influence, being good
at behavioural modeling, and responding poorly to negative feedback
Can Personality Change?
Generally, cannot change over shorter periods, but longer periods such as several years of
growth can cause stable personality traits to change
1. Extraversion: Little discernible change
2. Emotional Stability: Increases, mostly in young adulthood
3. Agreeableness: Increases over time
4. Conscientiousness: Increases, especially from adolescence to middle age, plateaus
somewhat in later life
5. Openness to Experience: Increases up to adulthood and then gradually decreases
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