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Lecture 12

ENSC 320 Lecture 12: Guest Lecture - Community Based Conservation

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Department
Environmental Studies
Course
ENSC 320
Professor
Ryan K Danby
Semester
Winter

Description
Guest Lecture - Community Based Conservation Friday, March 10, 2017 11:43 AM Where did CBC come from? • Emerged as a new conservation paradigm in the 1970s as a response to historical associated with Parks and Protected Areas which had been the dominant conservation strategy since 1980s • Wilderness as pristine Conservation for whom? • Who's interest are being served? • Who's ideas are privileged? • Who's conservation strategies are accepted? • What is the expense? Social justice of Parks and PA's • Population displacement • Livelihood displacement- socioeconomic displacement • Violent enforcement Social injustice of parks and pas began to be recognized in the 1970s in the context of broad, emancipatory movements • African decolonization in the 1950s and 1960s What is CBC Core Principles • Involving communities in management and/or decision making • Devolving control over resource management • Deliver both community empowerment and effective conservation ○ (win-win for conservation and development) Despite good intentions and wide promotion several common problems have emerged with CBC in practice. Projects tend to: • Treat CBC as a predefined, universal strategy ○ Therefore they often don’t attend to local context or need • Fail to devolve authority to local level Guest Lecture - Community Based Conservation Friday, March 10, 2017 11:43 AM Where did CBC come from? • Emerged as a new conservation paradigm in the 1970s as a response to historical associated with Parks and Protected Areas which had been the dominant conservation strategy since 1980s • Wilderness as pristine Conservation for whom? • Who's interest are being served? • Who's ideas are privileged? • Who's conservation strategies are accepted? • What is the expense? Social justice of Parks and PA's • Population displacement • Livelihood displacement- socioeconomic displacement • Violent enforcement Social injustice of parks and pas began to be recognized in the 1970s in the context of broad, emancipatory movements • African decolonization in the 1950s and 1960s What is CBC Core Principles • Involving communities in management and/or decision making • Devolving control over resource management • Deliver both community empowerment and effective conservation ○ (win-win for conservation and development
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