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FILM 250 (4)

Film 250 .docx

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Film and Media
Course Code
FILM 250
Derek Redmond

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Film 250 th September 25 , 2012 Depth of field (DOF) what is in focus? How much is in focus (just the actor, or everything)  When you zoom in, there is a flatter image, and the background is out of focus. So by reducing the depth of field we can zoom in  You can get the best focus on someone by zooming in on them.  This is used as a creative tool and as a focusing tool  To make sure someone is in focus, look at the eyes Depth Feeling of depth within a screen  Do not continually move the camera, unless there is a reason to move the camera, keep it static  Moving the camera vertically (a crane shot) gives a very powerful shot, one of the reasons it is effective, is because it is unusual Frame Composition How do you decide what is going to be in the frame for each scene. Rule of Thirds It tells you where to put the most important thing (on one of the green dots)  More dramatic  If there are better ideas, the rule can be broken  Symmetrical framing works for static confrontations, when we do not know what is going to happen  When doing close ups, put the nose in the middle of the frame, the eyes will fall into the rule of thirds  How to create a third dimension  A wide shot, with a short focal length  By having something in the foreground, and something moving towards the camera, a sense of depth is created  When two people are interacting, we want a sense of them interacting with each other, so we use an eye-line shot Sequence A series of related shots, a part of a scene Scene Scene is a series of shots, and a full chapter of a story, after moving to a different location or time Continuity Making sure everything is consistent from shot to shot, we want the feeling that the scene is continuous Screen Direction  180-degree rule: keep the camera on one side of the action Difference Rule each shot is different and it shows something new, if it is not that different, than there should not be a cut th September 28 , 2012  The most important rule of continuity is the Difference Rule and screen direction  180-degree rule is when you keep the camera on one side of the action while two people are interacting  You can move around the character smoothly, but do not cut and switch over the axis line  When shooting right one the axis and a person is walking towards the camera, we can switch over to the other side of the axis  Point of view shot—close up of the character looking, and than what they are looking at October 16 2012 A story must include  Exposition  Complication  Climax  Resolution  Short films tend to have a surprising twist, this allows an elimination of build up to the climax, and a resolution is not necessary  It is efficient to not always have the sound and movement matching (a radio explaining one thing, while the characters are doing another) Editing Conventions  The most important rule is the difference rule, every shot needs to be different when editing (from the one before and after). This is what makes the film run smoothly, so the viewer doesn’t notice the change of shot  Cutting on anticipation—the character looks down, and than we cut to see what we are looking at (close up to a wider shot)  Cutting on Action—Cutting this way, misses some of the action, and the cut does not se
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