Hazard city: map reading exercise, introduction, basic map reading, reading topographic maps, plateu map, (nothing needs to be handed in) Carbon-14 dating: write reports, try to quantify it, make risk maps. Genral approach to risk analysis and risk management: risk analysis, 1. Now after all of what we talked about, you can then create a full picture of the seismic risk for your area of interest: 2. Determine the risk from the hazard for the region of interest (risk = phxsh: risk management, 3. Determine ways to reduce ph and/or sh: 4. Determines what you can afford to do: determine ways to reduce ph and /or sh, c) legislate construction regulations. This ensures that builders actually do a) and b) aim of all three is to minimize damage to structures and all three lead to an increased (initial) cost: 3. Set up warning systems and emergency-response plans( : 1.