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GPHY 101 (112)


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GPHY 101
Anne M C Godlewska

LECTURE Colonialism refers to permanent establishment of European overseas - In Canada, US, Australia Imperialism is more indirect control - USA constantly accused of - Implied force for trade Spanish and Portuguese domination 1492-1750 - Mercantilist empire - Competitive control of territory and wealth British Industrial/Imperial Dominance 1750s to WWI - Industrial/imperialism combined European colonialism and imperialism were ways of sucking resources into Europe Portugal started imperial venture No for behind Spain reaching into Americas Took over former empires Incas great imperialists and Spaniards took over Spain had inquisitors to maintain control - Taxes and forcing them to buy their goods Portugal established forts and trading houses – corrupt Portugal chased out by French, British and Dutch Rights of Man concept (human rights) Fraternity, equality, liberty - Against colonialism Era of British imperial dominance Huge british empire Produced 2/3 of world’s coal, a lot of steel, iron, cotton London became centre of world finance and reinsurance (insurance for insurance companies) - Railtroad helped countries movie into interiors - Medicines also allowed people into africa Europe carved world into colonial empires and spheres of influence Foreign power collapsed a lot
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