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GPHY 101 (112)


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GPHY 101
Anne M C Godlewska

SUBURBIA Model social sciences on the sciences – about urban ecology (natural process) Infrastructure decline: lower income people leave because they can’t afford it Urban redevelopment increased value of land Value of land increased, even pushing residence out – couldn’t afford rent Uniform style with lawn and grid roads between 1950 and today Rapidly changing rural landscape: coincides with urban slums and social misery Social forced behind rise of suburbia  Industrialization follows cheap labour and dense transportation systems to the city centre • Those who can afford it move out to avoid noise and dirt • Followed by service industries and jobs • Growth in the suburbs and decline in the city centre • Influx of immigrants and poor blacks • They couldn’t afford to move out • Exodus of wealthy • Influx of more poor • Decline of infrastructure • City taxes raised pushing middle classes too • Downward spiral for city because gov’t looked for local interests only • Great Migration from the South during WWII • Over time poor housing was destroyed to build express ways • Urban poor need more health care and social services but they’re too poor Technological change  First 80 years marked public transportation o Walking o Ferry o Omnibus: horses dying on streets and congestion o Railroad: only for wealthy  3 miles out cause railroads needed space  Railroad suburbs 50% affluent population, others served them o Street car: horse
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