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Lecture 2

GPHY 101 Lecture 2: September 18 - LabourPremium


Department
Geography
Course Code
GPHY 101
Professor
L. Cameron
Lecture
2

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GPHY 101: September 18, 2018 - Week 2 Labour
Spotlight speaker: Dr. Beverley Mullings
SPOTLIGHT SPEAKER EXPLORING THE TOMATO TRAIL:
Geography and Me
o Most people often associate geography with maps, but geographers ask
more than just where something is
They ask why something is where it is
o Geographers try and work out what the relationship is between people,
places, and ideologies and how these patterns might be reflections of
relationships of power
The Tomato Trail
o What has led to tomatoes being such a staple in Canada?
o Facts:
Tomatoes do not grow all year round in Canada due to harsh
weather conditions
In the winter, tomatoes come to Canada from Mexico
o Major question: “How are the routes that bring tomatoes to our tables in
Canada rooted in systems of power that determine the lives of the
particular bodies involved in each stage of its production?” (Week 2
lecture slides Dr. Mullings)
Geographers need to understand the commodity chain
The location that the product was sold and the routes and
processes it went through to get there
o Major question: “How do these inequalities become part of landscapes
and the character of places?” (Week 2 lecture slides Dr. Mullings)
The first part of the commodity chain of tomatoes involves farmers
Almost all flat landscapes have lots of people working on farmland
there is a racialized work force

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Seasonal migrant workers from places such as Jamaica,
Mexico, and other Caribbean islands come up to Canada to
work in the fields because Canadians do not want to
These workers are visibly different than local Canadians and are
often mainly men
These workers also have essentially no rights and still are forced to
pay taxes even though they do not get to enjoy any of the benefits
They must leave after 8 months
They cannot bring any family members
Most are obliged to live on the farm
Workers are often chosen by whoever is willing to work for the least
amount of money
Canada wants workers, but they do not want to recognize
those people as citizens, because they would have to
provide them with healthcare, pension, etc.
Agricultural workers that become ill or injured or ask for
better working conditions are put on a plane home
o Farms don’t want to have unions they would have to
give them rights
The landscape of Canadian fields changes because of migrant
workers, and those workers’ countries, such as Jamaica, change
because of the money that these workers send home
o Why does this matter?
Ultimately geographers are interested in inequality and social
justice having to do with the locations of people
MAIN LECTURE:
Defining globalization
o Emphasis on increasing interconnectedness within culture, politics and
economics
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