GPHY 102 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Himalayas, Tropopause, Ozone Layer

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GPHY 102 Full Course Notes
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GPHY 102 Full Course Notes
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Remember that the earth is tilted 23. 5o. Surface temperature determined by: net radiation (balance between incoming short wave radiation and outgoing long wave radiation, sensible heat transfer (conduction and convection, latent heat transfer (exchange of heat during evaporation or condensation) Sensible heat: moves from warmer bodies to colder bodies by conduction (and convection, measure by thermometer and can be felt by touch. Latent heat: heat that is stored or released when a substance changes heat, cannot be measured by a thermometer. During the day net radiation is positive and heats ground. At night, net radiation is negative and the earth cools as it radiates longwave radiation into the atmosphere. Greater in summer and lower in winter due to daylight periods and height of sun over horizon. Positive in summer (for entire 24hrs: temperature: As net radiation rises to positive, surface temperature rises and transfers heat to air above.

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