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DEVS 100 Lecture Notes - Absolution, Unilateralism, Thomas Hobbes

Global Development Studies
Course Code
DEVS 100
Richard Day

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Devs Week 18
Canadian Foreign Policy 2/13/2013 2:28:00 PM
Theorizing different ways that states can (fail to) get along
Each country does whatever it
can to get whatever it can the
most powerful/evil wins
Via hard power
Coercion, using
military/economic means
This is what the USA is famous for…
All countries involved work
together to solve problems and
allocate resources
Via soft power
Moral suasion using symbolic
means and non-coercive actions
This is what Canada has been famous for…
Keating on Canadian Multilateralism (1)
Multilateralism is a good idea
Multilateralism has been persistently prominent in the conduct of
post-war Canadian foreign policy
Has been effective
Has made a constructive contribution to world order
During the 1940s and 1950s, Canada resisted efforts to turn the UN
into an institution hat would promote Western values
Canadian government has supported international and regional
institutions in assuming increased responsibility for the security and
welfare of individuals in various parts of the world
International consultation and co-operation
Keating on Canadian Multilateralism: Why has Canada done this?
Guarantee Canada a voice
Privileged order order served Canadian interests
Middle powers
Keating on Canadian Multilateralism: Can this policy be continued?

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Post-Cold War non-governmental, organizations
Shift toward neo-liberal economic practices
„Retreat of the state‟
A very different form of multilateralism
Human rights and human security
More interventionist
What drives the new interventionism?: Exceptionalism
Formerly associated with extreme, unusual circumstances, the
exception was invoked by a law, like Canada‟s Emergency
Management Act, or entered into via a „declaration of war‟.
Civil rights suspended, state, police, and military powers amplified
Suppose to be temporary
Now, the exception is the norm, both within and between states,
supported by a thin or non-existent veil of „legality‟, and usually
without a „declaration of war‟.
What drives the new interventionism?: Pre-emptive action
Now people are killed, countries invaded, on the assumption they
may in the future do something some state doesn‟t like
This violates old ideas like state sovereignty and personal liberty
and habeas corpus, but happens all the time e.g. Iraq,
Afghanistan, Pakistan, Yemen, Toronto G20
Supposed to prevent the exception from occurring, pre-emption
actually helps to make the exception a permanent feature of the
insecurity state, e.g. via the „War on Terror‟, „security levels‟, „no-
fly‟ lists
Agamben on the Exception A Useful Analytic Framework (How/Where does
it emerge?)
State of exception appears as the legal form of what cannot have
legal form
Limit between politics and law
State power‟s
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