HIST286 Week 2 Readings

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Published on 29 Sep 2011
School
Queen's University
Department
History
Course
HIST 286
Professor
Latin America in the Nineteenth Century
- Independence enabled formerly submerged groups, artisans
and gaucos, to enter political arena.
- Opening of Latin American ports to foreign goods established
relatively free market in ideas.
- New republican constitutions established the equality of all
before the law.
- Until 1870 large, compact indigenous populations continued to
live under traditional communal landholding systems in Mexico,
Central American and Andean Region.
- Influence of European racist ideologies after mid-century led to
a heightened sensitivity to colour.
- Racism overpowered politics. Didn’t matter if you were liberal
or con.
- ‘Civilization’ as natural right to take over barbarian lands
(Cuban Jose Marti).
- Slavery became less economical.
- Gradual Europeanization of elites under way throughout the
continent.
- Under the republic, social class was supported by dress
(ponchos vs. cloaks).
- Immigrants made fortunes by commerce or speculation.
- Independence did not better women’s status. Strengthened
husband’s control over wife’s property.
- In most countries after 1870s arose feminist movements.
- 1820 to 1870: age of violence, alternating dictatorship and
revolution.
- Conservatives and Liberals adopted new principles,
disregarding their old ones.
Decolonization and the Search for National Identities, 1821-1870
- Countries recovered from the revolutionary crisis and scored
modest to large economic advances.
- Europe viewed Latin America primarily as an outlet for
manufactured goods. Damaged local craft businesses because of
cheap, bad quality European goods being imported.
- Rise of bloated military and bureaucratic establishments that
diverted resources from economic development.
- Stress on foreign trade that intensified the trend toward
dependency.
- Lack of secret voting ballots made coercion easy.
- Liberalism drew a lot of support from provincial landowners.
- Conservatives and liberals didn’t put much thought into racial
problems.
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Document Summary

Independence enabled formerly submerged groups, artisans and gaucos, to enter political arena. Opening of latin american ports to foreign goods established relatively free market in ideas. New republican constitutions established the equality of all before the law. Until 1870 large, compact indigenous populations continued to live under traditional communal landholding systems in mexico, Influence of european racist ideologies after mid-century led to a heightened sensitivity to colour. Didn"t matter if you were liberal or con. Civilization" as natural right to take over barbarian lands (cuban jose marti). Gradual europeanization of elites under way throughout the continent. Under the republic, social class was supported by dress (ponchos vs. cloaks). Immigrants made fortunes by commerce or speculation. In most countries after 1870s arose feminist movements. 1820 to 1870: age of violence, alternating dictatorship and revolution. Conservatives and liberals adopted new principles, disregarding their old ones. (cid:149) Decolonization and the search for national identities, 1821-1870.