Monday, January 28, 2013
19th Century Global Migrantions
1. Understanding Migration:
- Migration as agents of change of culture, ideas, tech
- change because of internal problems, interactionswith environment,and interaction with other
- Connection through migration
- Long range historical cases
Types of migration
- Involuntary migration (slaves, convicts, etc)
- Voluntary migrations (traders, labourers, etc)
Patrick Manning: ``Four types of migration through history
1. Home-communitymigration: one house to another, etc
2. Colonization:one country establishes country somewhereelse.
3. Whole communitymigration (seasonal, permanent): nomads, etc
4. Cross communitymigrations: moveto another part of the world where there is a host society.
1. Emancipation of slavery and mass migration
2. Industrial revolutionand global migration
Abolition, implementing freedom:
- Problem:After slaves leave, who works?
○ "What can convince them except compulsion"
○ "Freedom in six equal parts" > work six days a week, paid on one day, buy freedom for each
○ "Starve them out of idleness"
○ From slaves to apprentices (adapted as policy- > deceptive peace)
Dam tiefs and ol rouses:
- The system
- The reason behind
- Planter's cause (work)
- metropolitancause (could turn violent)
- Abolitionists (hated it, got it removed)
- Taxes for rent -> Debt
- New rules for mothers => Forced to go work day after childbirth
- Rules for women => Work for masters, workhouseswith treadmills etc.
- Freed from apprentices
- Indentured labourers from Africa
- Other sources: Portugal, Germany, Java, China, India Industrialization and migration:
- Unprecedented multi-lateral dispersal
- New forms