Class Notes (839,189)
Canada (511,223)
History (1,328)
HIST 122 (155)
Lecture 6

Hist 122 Semester 2, Week 6.docx

5 Pages

Course Code
HIST 122
Amitava Chowdhury

This preview shows pages 1 and half of page 2. Sign up to view the full 5 pages of the document.
Semester 2, Week 6 Hist 122 The First Total War I. The Path to the Great War WWI: The Very Basic Facts  July 1914 – Nov 1918  28 Allied and Associated powers vs. 4 Central Powers  Nationalist aspirations, international imperial rivalries, flexible alliance systems  A „total war‟  Industrial war  Unprecedented casualties – 15 million died, 20 million injured  Economic and political consequences The path to war  June 28, 1914  assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand  1908 – Austria-Hungary took over Bosnia  Slavic countries rebelled against German A-H majority The other side of patriotism  Rise of nationalism (self-determination)  The Ottoman Empire and the Balkan area o “Sick man of Europe” o Falling apart and being taken up by Russia or A-H  Pan-Slavism o Forming own nation or connect to Serbia o The Black Hand  Power Blocs o Serbia supported by Russia o A-H supported by Germany  Annexation of Bosnia-Herzegovina (1908) by A-H o Slavic movements intensified National Rivalries  Anglo-German industrial race o 1831 – 32% GB industrialized dominance o 1914 – GB and Germ. Industrialization equal  Escalating naval race (dreadnoughts) between GB and Ger.  Disputes over colonies: GB vs. Rus; GB vs. FR; GB vs. Ger; Ger vs. FR  Crises and local wars: Morocco (1905); Balkan Wars (1912-1913)  Identity, newspapers, awkwardness o Nationalism  arrogant nationalism o Desire to be the best nation 1879 – Dual Alliance with Ger and A-H 1892 – Italy joins Triple Alliance 1915 – Italy joins GB and FR 1907 – GB and Res and FR make Triple Alliance Guns of August  23 July  A-H empire gives ultimatum to Serbia  Agree to everything except relinquishing sovereignty  28 July  A-H declares war on Serbia  Two factors: alliance systems and mobilization plans o FR – Plan 17 --- 2 fold o Ger – Schlieffen Plan --- 2 fold 1. Attack Western front (i.e. FR) 2. Attack Eastern front (i.e Rus)  Chain reardion o 3 Athust – Ger declares war on FR o 4 August – GB tells Ger to withdraw from Belgium; Ger declines; GB declares war on Ger The August Euphoria  “This war is fine and just and great” – Alain Fournier  Most believed war would end in weeks or at most a few months  Only poor dreaded the war o Knew they would suffer War of Attrition  War came to standstill between GB and FR against Ger  No gain between either side  Trench system The War Spreads  1914 – begins in Europe  1915 – spreads to global war  Three reasons: 1) Embroiling the colonies a. Provided soldiers 2) New human reserves 3) Japan, US, and the Ottomans a. Japan begins Eastern war  Japan declares war on Ger (Aug 23, 1914) o Took over Ger occupations in China o Began taking over Ger colonies in Pacific  War on Ger colonies in Africa o Standstill here too Battle of Gallipoli – 25 April 1915  Largest battle outside of Europe  Thomas Lawrence (1908-1914) and Churchill believed they can go through waters by Greece to supply Rus  Water mines  Stalemate The US e
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1 and half of page 2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.