Semester 2, Week 9
Identity and a Century of Violence
I. Conceptualizing Identity
At home in the World…
Three fundamental questions:
1. Who are we? Individually? Collectively?
2. What should be done? How do we live a good life?
3. How do we know what we know?
Who are we?
o Self-sameness over time
Sense of I-ness
o Personal identity
o Memory: the basis of personal identity – John Locke
o Three things comprise identity:
1) Who we are
2) What we know
3) What we have
o The internal and external identity
o Finding our place through negotiation
Between personal and social expectations
To be is to belong
The desire to belong
Cultural memory and group identity
Selves in the group
The inside and the outside
o Personal and larger group identity
Identity is the mediating factor
Individual and the collective acts simultaneously
Property or a process?
o Biological origins cant be changed
Identity can never be an immutable property
A project and a process Plurality of Identity
o Preservation of self-sameness over time
Synchronic identity – essential plurality
o One aspect used at particular time
Normative control and stability of identity
What price identity?
The myth of identity loss
Eruption of violence
II. Identity-based Violence
Murder by miniaturi