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Lecture 3

Hist122B – Lecture 3.docx

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HIST 122

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Hist122 – Lecture 3, Monday January 20, 2014 Nineteenth Century Global Migrations Recap ­ Industrial revolution and industrial capital  ­ Slavery and abolishment ­ Came together to create global migrations in the 19  century  Assignments ­ Instructions up this week  Keywords: Voluntary and involuntary migrations Industrialization and Migration Indentured labour Irish mass migration Diaspora   Goals this Week:   I.               Understand the causative factors behind mass migrations. II.             Evaluate the Migration trends in the period between 1835 and 1890. III.           Two case studies of mass migrations. IV.            Understand theoretical and methodological issues in migration studies. Class outline: 1. Causes and context of migration  2. The migration trends 3. Case studies: Indian indentures labor and Irish migration (as a result of the  famine) 4. Migration (what makes it go into a stream) and Diaspora  UNDERSTANDING MIGRATION: CAUSES AND CONTEXT ­ Why study migration history… ­ Ubiquity: how societies changed over time, how 19  century history advanced as  a result of migration ­ Migration as agents of change – culture, idea, technology – societies interacting,  mingling with each other ­ Connection through migration ­ Long­range historical processes and migration ­ Interconnection of two unconnected world, what was achieved in continental drift  was achieved again, diseases exchanged ­ Since 1500, completely different world as a result of migration, individually and  then in mass ­ Voluntary and involuntary migrations ­ African slaves resisted migration  ­ Ambiguity of categories: sometimes you can be unwilling to migrate but once you  understand it you realize it can be to your advantage ­ No freedom to move from one place of their colony to another, no freedom to  chose a location, so even if we think they are voluntary they had no freedom  ­ There are overlaps and ambiguities Mode of migration ­ Home­community migration: from fathers house to new partner’s house, small  scale, individual basis, short distance, within your home community, is frequent in  all societies, short or long term  ­ Colonization: displace people that already live there, or find new land ­ Whole­community migration: seasonal and permanent, common in animals, but  also to human societies ­ Cross­community migration: some people Causes behind 19  century mass migrations ­ A curious conjuncture… ­ 1. Industrial Revolution and global migrations ­ 2. Emancipation of slavery and mass migration ­ When slavery ends, places that employed slaves ne
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