Week 3 25 September 2012
The Gender of Civilisation
-gender differences: difference in role assigned to men and women
Universal across all cultures:
- Gender Roles
- Incest Taboos
Gender vs. Sex
- refers to the roles assigned to - refers to the biological differences in
Individuals based on real or imagined males and females which allow human
Sexual differences reproduction
- Classical Maya, multiple variants of the masculine and the feminine were recognized
- some form or forms of androgyny played central roles in formulating gender identity and structuring
- individuals were perceived as singularly sexed only after puberty
The early church extended the incest taboo. Why?
- Catholic canon law expanded the number of prohibited relationships and imposed new “impediments
- Anglicans and Protestants, however, have relaxed restrictions on marriages between cousins and other
relatives not explicitly precluded without following the biblical injunctions to the letter
Marriage: socially recognized reproduction
-protects wealth, status, and power with and among families and social groups
Patriarchy: power, privilege, rights with senior males
-why have men dominated women in society? Is this the “God-given” order?
-if not, when did patriarchy happen?
Matriarchy vs. Patriarchy
Yes: Some feminists No: Anthropologists
-The prevalence of myth and worship of -women’s status may have declined even as
goddesses in ancient Mesopotamia, a society continued to worship female
Egypt, and Greece.