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The Great White North.docx

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Queen's University
HIST 124
Steven J Maynard

The Great White North: The Historical Roots of Whiteness in Canada Monday Jan 14 2013 Idle No More movement vandalizes the John A. statue: Fundamental difference between the treaties signed between the Canadian government and aboriginals: Government thought they gained complete control of the land for ongoing payments; abo believed they were sharing the land – Idle no more believes the land was stolen. Harper released a press statement defending John A.: Trans-Con railway + NWMP. However, failed to mention the 2 rebellions + his kickbacks from Trans-Con scandals. Also, failed to mention his white supremacy vision for Canada. In 1885 electoral franchise act: the legislation for who could vote. Macdonald rises and speaks saying the Chinese should not be allowed to vote: they would control the vote in BC and overthrow white principles. Gold rush in BC: brought 6,000+ people to British Columbia. The settlement brought together literally dozens of ethnicities to BC. One strategy was to keep the white people apart: up to 2000+ aboriginals lived on the edge of victoria. Assisted immigration schemes: Britain paid the trip to bring white women to British Columbia. These schemes targeted to import particular men and women: They didn’t want mining men as they would not make settlements, rather they wanted farmers to make roots. They also targeted women of “fair ones of a purer caste” – white middle class who were domesticated and ‘raised right’. These women were sent into the backwoods in order to draw the men away from the ‘aboriginal temptation’ White men were awarded land if they came over to BC already married and received extra land for having children. With BC joining confederation in 1871, BC had a white majority for the first time after the Trans-Con touches BC: they have a way to send white people to BC. Chinese labour in the railway: many Chinese tried to stay after working on the railway (were supposed to leave). Introduced Head Tax to pay for family members from China to enter Canada: $100 in 1901; $500 in 1904 – one year’s wage; July 1 st 1923 prohibited any entrée of Chinese into Canada. Vancouver’s Chinatown: the
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