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HIST 124 (191)
Lecture 2

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Department
History
Course
HIST 124
Professor
Steven J Maynard
Semester
Winter

Description
The Great White North?: The Historical Roots of Whiteness in Canada I. Rethinking Race and the Historical Present A. Last Friday: Sir John A Macdonald, “Idle No More,” and History as Contested Terrain  “Idle No More” is about competing versions of Canadian history  Canada is an imposition for the Aboriginals  1869-1870: Macdonald throws out a bit of money to the Hudson Bay Company to purchase Rupert’s Land  Rupert’s Land turns into Northwest Territories and Manitoba  Marked the beginning of the Number of Threaties where Aboriginals are dispossessed of their lands and are placed on reserves  Number of Threaties are still highly contentious  The threaties meant the full surrender of the control of land in exchange for ongoing payments from the government  Aboriginals are dependent on the Federal government  Aboriginals believed to be signing the threaties as to become equal partners in sharing the land, not giving away their lands  1876: The Indian Act states that even reserves are placed in charge of the representatives of the Canadian government, where these representatives are called Inidian Agents  Inidian Agents are charged with overseeing the long-time colonization (assimilation) of the Aboriginals  Macdonald was credited for building Canada bordering from the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River to the Atlantic Provinces to British Columbia  Stephen Harper also credited Macdonald for building the Transcontinential Railway and the Northwest Mounted Police, formed in 1873, where they eventually become the RCMP  They needed the police force for all of the resistances and rebellions occurring in Canada  1885: The Electoral Franchise Act was set out to know who is entitled to vote  Macdonald set to deny the Chinese the right to vote because they can set up an influence in British Columbia and let out their values within the House of Common  Macdonald was set on making Canada an Aryan nation, where the nation has no mixing of races and that he was set on building a White Dominion A. Race and People of Colour i. Affirmative Personal/Familial Identity and Community Belonging ii. History, Racism and Resistance B. Whiteness: The Unmarked Race and Race as Historical/Political  The white race is the neutral race  Whiteness is best understood not as a biological given, but it is best understood as a constantly changing set of concrete practices that were and are fundamentally historical and political II. Making the Westcoast White: Case Study of British Columbia  British Columbia must be seen as the British project of colonialism  “The Edge of Empire”  The British parachuted themselves into a highly multicultural society  Aboriginal people dominated A. Aboriginal Peoples and a Cosmopolitan Colony  White people increased from 1000 to 10000 settlers, while Aboriginals still covered up to 45000 settlers  The discovery of gold attracted immigrants from all over the world  During the gold rush, Victoria expanded its population to 6000  White residence of Victoria called for their eviction every year when people immigrate  Aboriginal people are constantly rounded up and forced out to the outskirts B. ‘Managing’ the Movement of Native People on Vancouver Island C. Assisted White Immigration i. Masculinity: ‘Hardy Backwoodsmen’ and Bachelor Households  Stood in contrast to the male goldsmine  The most energetic and self-reliant of the manly sons of the empire ii. Femininity: ‘Fairer Ones of a Purer Caste’ -- White Women  Immigration schemes that targeted white woman  Groups of men established their own households and their own domestic labour  Some men preferred this kind of arrangement  Promoters called for a influx of white woman to draw away the white men from the temptations of aboriginal woman  On Vancouver island, white men are given an additional 50 acre if they are already married, as we
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