Class Notes (834,721)
Canada (508,692)
History (1,327)
HIST 124 (191)
Lecture 3

Week 3.docx

2 Pages
Unlock Document

HIST 124
Steven J Maynard

Week 3- First Nations Confront the Newcomers 24 September, 2012 I. The „Fatal Impact‟ Debate A. Trade - Aboriginals had been trading with each other for many years - Alexander Mackenzie realized this when he arrived at the site and they had things from other parts of the country before Europeans had arrived - Aboriginals dominated trade circles, eager to trade for iron, steel, woven fabric -aboriginals enjoy “middle position” to maintain control - Aboriginals demanded a metaphorical kin-related way of trading - father couldn‟t hold direct power over his children, he had to be generous to the people in his group - each year they wold meet in Montréal to have a feast and receive the gifts from the Europeans - Europeans had to learn to speak native languages to trade with them B. Disease and Drink - disease may have been the most potent weapon of European colonization - smallpox, for example, decimated native peoples - culturally significant as it may have undermined aboriginal belief in their own religious traditions - immunity to certain diseases caused the natives to belief that the Europeans had a special spirituality -Impact of alcohol: Europeans traded rot-gut to the natives for fur C. Religion: The English vs. The French Approach - Jesuits came to North America -Exchange of people was customary to trust, so natives weren‟t surprised when the Jesuits came. This began cultural revolution - Jesuits tried to control everything so some natives killed and ate them……………………………... - told them they had to change many things in order to be saved, not many did - Jesuits had outlook that they can Christianize native people and allow them to have certain aspects of their lifestyles still - Jesuits demanded they abandoned all old religious practices, respect the body as flesh about to be mortified: put coals between their toes, roll on thrown, etc -no consulting shamans -berdache was regarded as non-Christian - abandoned berdache :( - if you didn‟t do this, you went to hell - more successful in converting white people to aboriginal ways than the other way around “go native” II. Undermining First Nations and the Kin-Ordered Social Formation A. Gradual and Uneven Transformation Across Time and Space - kin ordered social formation eventually undermined - two way process to convert natives to white mindset i. Maritimes and
More Less

Related notes for HIST 124

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.