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Lecture 2

HIST 125 2011 Week 2 Sept 19&21.docx

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Queen's University
HIST 125

Week 2 Sept. 19 2011  Emmanuel Kant  Man leaving his self-caused immaturity  Dare to know have to courage to know  About knowing/pursuit of knowledge  Thinking for oneself  Based upon 3 Principles  Methods of natural science could/should be used to figure out the world  Scientific method capable to discover human laws of society and nature  Progress – armed correctly possible to create a better World (Society and People)  Through the Middle Ages based off views of classical authors –Plato/Aristotle  Greeco-Roman view of the heliocentric planter system  Church and Rule of God essential  16 C perceptions begin to breakdown  Scientific revolution  Rise of Secularism  Printing press  Chronology of Scientific Revolution  1543 – Copernicus On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres  Investigated classical text and Math did not match  1605 – Bacon Advancement of Learning  1609 – Kepler On the Motion of Mars  1620 – Bacon Novum Organum  1628 – William Harvey On the Circulation of Blood  1632 – Galileo Dialouges on the Two Chief Systems of the World  Church was upset because of the objection to authority  1637 – Newton Princpia Mathematics  Brought Kepler and Copernicus thoughts together and discovered gravity  Rise of Secularism  Christian Religion and Reality not related; diversity = healthiness  Not attack against Christianity but Church rule  Printing Press  Guttenburg built the Printing Press 1440 1. More Production – Larger access to more sources of literature 2. Affordability 3. Higher Learning 4. Variety 5. Ideas – Conflict  Allowed for population of science to easily communicate different ideas and critiques  Bernad Fontenell – popularized science  Conversation of the Plurality of the Worlds  Package science to grab attention  Europe revealed to the East naturally creating questions and ideas  Almagest (Great Works)  Allowed for collaborate works  Printing of Classics and feedback sharing of ideas  Locke and Hume will be more popular  Locke’s Human Understanding was a best seller  Knowledge is acquired  Everyone tabula rasa when born – everyone is born a blank state ‘nature v. nurture’ debate  Began to question the Caste System in place  1690 – Lock Human Understanding  1748 – Hume Inquiry into Human Nature  1765 – Beccaria On Crimes and Punishment  1776 – Gibbon The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire  1776 – Smith Wealth of Nations  These are just a few works from the Enligh
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