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Lecture 4

HIST 125 2011 Week 4 Oct 3&5.docx

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HIST 125

Week 4 Oct. 3 2011 Napoleon Bonaparte – The Myth and the Man  Setting the Stage  1784-1789 very busy for the revolutionaries  Secular Society  Impressive military machine  Destabilised the French stability  Napoleon has been written about more than any other French figure  Glorified and condemned – military man, statesman  Stride of a demi-god  Claimed to be a virtuous tyrant  Rise to power, Napoleon as a military genius used propaganda  Rise to Power  Born to an impoverished yet well connected family  Lots of energy and creativity lacked direction in his youth  Rise in ranks steady and fast  Gets assigned to the war planning Bureau  Suggests an attack on the Hapsburgs in the South in Italy as opposed to the constant attack along the Rhine  With his victory in Italy and the loss along the Rhine cause an accented his victory in the South  Goal ultimately was to attack England, but France lacked the fleet power th  On May 19 expedition to Malta and Egypt  “Everything here wears out, my glory is fading, to the orient that‟s where glory lies” – emphasizing that Napoleon has done his history research  Attacked Veleta, Capital of Matla, run by the Knights of St. John which fell  From Malta to Egypt at Alexandria  When the men landed at Alexandria they were in shambles and poor conditions  Conquered Alexandria, Embabeh – Battle of the Pyramids -> glorifies the battle  Blends his name with the Pyramids and Sphinx to associate the mysteriousness of Egypt to his name  Takes Cairo, but loses his fleet to Lord Nelson  Soldiers are in very awful conditions  March from Cairo to Acra  Battle of Jaffa he slaughtered 3,000 Turkish soldiers  Arrives in Paris heralded as a great leader and hero  On arrival is informed of a coup that is to take place and is asked to help  Used the coup and worked his way to the top and declares himself Emperor  From humble beginnings in 15years rose to Emperor  1809 Asberg  1814 Leitchberg  1815 Waterloo  Great Strategist  Built on models pre-existing  Very innovative  Systematically re-organized French Army  Needed standing armies  Divided into corps then divided into battalions then divided into brigades  Each corps had 30,000 men in each and among each there was a balanced mix of infantry, cavalry and artillery  Revolutionized warfare  1805 crossing into Germany 200,000 strong  Much faster  Much more effective troops  Created rag-tag teams of 40-50 men of rough individuals to harass and rough up the enemy  Never settled down for one strategy and treated it case by case – flexibility and mobility  Broke battle into 3 categories  Approaching  Battle  Exploiting  The repor Napoleon had with his troops  Recognized morale and suffered with his troops  Innovative, true leader of men, changed warfare  Use of Propaganda
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