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HIST 208 (13)
Lecture

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Department
History
Course
HIST 208
Professor
Peter Campbell
Semester
Fall

Description
November 8, 2012  We started with 4 provinces, then Manitoba, then BC, the PEI, then Saskatchewan and Newfoundland joined together.  “Series of Linguistic Crisis”- reminded French Canadians they were in a vulnerable state  Manitoba Schools Crisis- 1890 o Abolishes French as an official language. There were few French speaking settlers, and therefore their language wasn’t deemed special.  Wilfred Laurier becomes PM, and comes up with a deal with the premier of Manitoba, Greenway. This allows religious instruction for the last 60 minutes of the school day. Catholic teachers were allowed to work in schools if there were 25 (rural) or 40 (urban) Catholic students. This was a very high number, showing there was provisions against the Catholics and French Canadians.  1905- Atonomy Bills o Territory of Saskatchewan and Alberta enter Confederation  1870- o Quebec fighting against centralization. o Defenders of provincial autonomy- Canada has coordinate sovereignty according to French Canadians, they are against a hierarchical situation. o The political reality was that the power was in the federal government. Cartier was heavily in to railway creation. o 1878/9- John A Mcdonald created the “National Policy”, which was a protective tariff on imports to encourage internal manufacturing. The other 2 elements were the Trans continental railway, and the settlement of the west. Quebec conservatives hope that this settlement will have a portion for French Canadians. o Western Canada suppressed Canada culture (Louis Riel), his death led to a massive revolt in Quebec. Shortly after the Riel Rebellions, Honore Mercier was elected as Quebec premier. o In 1877, Laurier gives a speech to convince the Catholic Church that they should not fear Liberals. o The Liberal party were in power in Quebec from 1897- 1936. o During this time, politics were governed in Quebec by Lornes Gouin(1905-20), who was the followed from Louis Alexandre Tascheseau (1920-36) They supported the place of the woman and the home and the ideals of private property. o 1920-30- ownership of Quebec’s natural resources by USA companies is a small trade off to create jobs.  Northern Canada has a huge Francophone population  French Canada was one that was based on rural Catholic values, which was threatened by English speaking Canadians.  French Canadian Nationalists had some of the highest birth rates in the Western World. In a newspaper, L’Action Francaise, in an ar
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