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Department
History
Course
HIST 218
Professor
Richard Greenfield
Semester
Winter

Description
Feb 24 February-24-14 2:31 PM • Byzantine political history from the late 3rd to the mid 15th century • Government o Emperors, admins, and bureaucrats   • Emperor o Always an emperor in Byzantium, starting with Constantine I o Augustus: Princeps ­ "first citizen" o Diocletian and Constantine: dominus ­ master, beyond princep o Imperator ­ commander o Augustus ­ majesty o Autokrator ­ master o Basileus ­ great king (does stick, go back to autokrator) o Emperor's office was sacred ­ pontifex maximus o Rise in notion and reality of centrality of imperial power o Emperor as symbol of unity as only source of power and unity o But idea wanes again as peripheries rise o Idea of emperor still remains o How did one become emperor? • Acclamation­ people wanted someone to be emperor • Nomination­ previous emperor says who he wants to be new emperor • Dynastic succession  Emperor should be from line of the previous emperor  Brother to brother, father to son, grandfather to grandson, uncle  to nephew, etc. • Usurpation  Emperor is taken out (i.e. Romanos III who was drowned in his 
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