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HIST 218 (42)
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Department
History
Course
HIST 218
Professor
Richard Greenfield
Semester
Winter

Description
Jan 23 January-23-14 4:02 PM • 7th cent • Rise of Islam and its effects on Byzantium • 8th­9th cent • Icons and iconoclasm   • Heraklios 610­641 o Latter part of rule he suffered from mental health issues o Succeeded by his sons and wife; but that didn't last • Constans 641­668 o Didn't "rule" for whole time, but he was in power for a good chunk o Killed by Constantine IV (his son) who ruled for 17 years after that • Justinian 685­695 • Justin comes in • 7th and 8th century: Byzantine Dark ages o Not everything dark and bad, but it is a period of serious change o Persians take Antioch in 613 o Jerusalem in 614 o Occupy Byzantine Syria and Egypt o Push across Anatolia o Besiege CP with Avars in 626 o Heraklios crushes Persians in 627 • The final Roman triumph o Slavs continue to settle in Balkans, Greece • Pushed by Avars then o By Bulgars: across Danube in 680s o Lombards control most of N Italy • The Coming of Islam o Prophet Muhammad builds his community at Mecca o Medina in 620s, then Mecca again from 630 o By his Death in 632, controls most of Arabian peninsula and has confronted  Byzantine o Damascus 635 • Loss of an urban centre o Yarmuk 636 • Major army destroyed here o Jerusalem 638 o Egypt 638/9 o One after another they fell to Islam o Caesarea 647 lost o Cyprus, Rhodes and Cos by 654 o Kyzikos 671 o 1st siege of Constantinople 647­678 o 2nd siege of Constantinople 717­718 • Temporary set back? o Crete, Siciliy, part of S. Italy 820s ­ 830s • How did this happen?? o Islam viewed is as the will of God o Monophysitism as expression of dissent • Stress on divine oneness • Practical conditions of life o East is a war zone • Urban culture under threat o Taxed to death with nothing to show for it • Effects on Byzantium o A new Byzantium really o Many political changes o Religious changes o Family clan replaced by nuclear family • The nuclear family (i.e. the small family, not the extended family) is 
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