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HIST 218 (42)

Jan 30.docx

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HIST 218
Richard Greenfield

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Jan 30 January-30-14 4:02 PM • Byzantium in the west in the 11th and 12 cents o Mid 11th decline o The komnenoi o Schism • Basil II, 976 ­ 1025 o Bulgaroktonos ('the Bulgar Slayer') o Kleidion, 1014 o Turned sights to west o Died before thoughts could be put into action • His plans for Italy and Sicily invasion o Controlled southern part of boot (ankle), Thrace and Macedonia, Greece, Asia  Minor down past antioch towards Jerusalem, and East towards India o Crash Byzantium shrunk • Mid 11th Decline o Dynastic issues o Aggressive neighbours o Powerful magnates • Constantine VIII 1025­1028 • ZOE marries 3 individuals over a few years: Romanos III ­ Argyros; Michael IV ­  Paphlagonian;  [Michael V ­ Kalaphates]; Constantine IX Monomachos (1042­1055). • Constantine IX o Built lots of churches o Buildings o During Constantine IX is when the decline increases • Mid 11th Decline o 13 rulers in 56: so much instability o Lost Balkans and East; political instability o Seljuk Turks arrive in East o Normans in Southern Italy and Sicily o Petchenegs (Patzinaks) in Balkans o Western Europe starting to emerge o Emergence of the dunatoi • Wealthy, military, provincial, magnates, clan leaders • Loss of regional interes in, and revenue to, Constantinople (CP); gives  opportunity to external enemies o After Theodora dies (1056), power is distributed between civil and military  aristocracies, clans • Michael VI Stratiotikos (1056­57) • Isaak Komnenos (1057­59)  His descendants found the Komnenos dynasty • Constantin X Doukas (1059­67) • Romanos IV Diogenes (1067­71) • 1071 Byzantines lose S Italy and lose battle of Manzikert to Seljuks • Michael VII Doukas (1071­78) o Alexios I Komnenos (1081­
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