Class Notes (838,058)
Canada (510,633)
History (1,328)
HIST 218 (42)
Lecture

Byzantium Lecture – March 27th.docx

9 Pages
89 Views
Unlock Document

Department
History
Course
HIST 218
Professor
Richard Greenfield
Semester
Winter

Description
Byzantium Lecture – March 27 th Last few classes – Byzantine popular religion - Monks and holy men Monday: Monasteries: - Holy men and women performed miracles and lives ascetic lifestyles - Seem by visitors as having power in their own rite – not just through the divine o Beyond strict orthodoxy Demons: - Demons and exorcisms - Many of these things are completely orthodox on one level (perfectly acceptable to orthodox theologians), but there is also room for ambiguity in these practices and beliefs - Most people in the Byzantine world didn’t have the same sort of grasp as theologians on orthodoxy – didn’t understand the way they were meant to - Not all demons and exorcisms are orthodox o Ritual practices as having power in their own rite – not just through grace – this is unorthodox - Demons are without power individually – power in orthodox traditions - In other traditions, they are more than just general – they have names and specific power and attributes - Exorcism is by the grace of God in orthodoxy, but by power of people, rituals, materials and popular tradition o In popular tradition, the people themselves have the mechanical power over demons – much more scientific o Blurred lines between religious tradition that involve supplication to the gods and independent coercion of demons - “Female” demons are associated with problems in pregnancy, childbirth, and infancy o Sudden infant death syndrome o Goes by many names – Gello/Gylou are the most common o Specific demons predates Byzantine world o Thought to be thwarted by a particular group of sayings for the particular demon o Countered by warrior saints, e.g. St. Sisinnios - Archangel Michael and the child murdering demon of any names o In Russian orthodox tradition (inherited from Byzantine), he tramples female demon – warrior o Comes down from Heaven with burning eyes and meets demon  Demon can transform into snake or other beast  She wishes to destroy and torture anything in her path o Michael grabs hold of her by her hair and demands she tell him all of her 12 names  Gello was the first - This practice branches into the world of magic spells o Incantations or spells explain the mechanism of what is going down and are used in the nursery  Hang an amulet in the room to protect the infant  Small metal amulets with warrior symbols and incantations written on them o This moves outside orthodoxy - Demons can have individual identities and properties, and individual people can both exorcise and exercise them – make them do human’s will through magic Spectrum of religious belief and practice: - Standard, doctrinal, acceptable orthodoxy
More Less

Related notes for HIST 218

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit