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Lecture

February 28.docx

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Department
History
Course
HIST 274
Professor
Harold Mah
Semester
Winter

Description
February 28, 2013 Belle Epoque - “The Beautiful Epic”, time period that everyone enjoyed living in - Women only gained universal suffrage in 1945 after WWII - 1880’s to 1914; vs. “Fin de siècle” - Condition of women o Napoleonic Code of 1804, 1880’s reform, the “new woman”  Code treated women as minors, they could not vote and could not participate on juries  Women could not take a job and not spend their own money  Adultery for women was considered a serious offense, while for men it was a misdemeanour  Republicans began to chip away at the Code to aid women  In 1892, women were recognized as legal adults and could control their own money  More women were gaining access to higher education in the 1880’s  In the 1890’s feminist groups sprung up throughout France, some of them calling for an extension of voting rights for women  These were all signs of modern industrial France evolving into a new kind of society with opportunities for more than just men  This feminist movement gave rise to the “new woman” - By the end of the 19 century, France became an industrial leader - Giant department stores were created here in this new consumerist economy - Liberation of women was linked to the idea of greater consumption of goods and services - Paris Exhibitions of 1889 and 1900 o Eiffel Tower was completed just in time for the exhibition, “La Parisienne” o Eiffel Tower is 80 stories tall and was the tallest structure in the world at the time o Exhibition of modernity, showed what industry could achieve and represented the new emancipated woman o La Parisienne was seen to be the new representation of beauty and splendour, embodied the entrance of a new century o In the 1900 exhibition, talking movies were presented for the first time, conserving food without refrigeration - Bicycle, Art Nouveau, café-concert, Montmartre, Folies-Bergeres, Moulin Rouge o Bike was invented at this time and was seen to be liberating and allowed for a new convenient form or mobility o Women were now as mobile as the men, as a result of the bicycle and therefore identified closely with the idea of the emancipated woman o There were more than 200 Café-concerts by 1900, and these cafés enabled those of varying social classes to mingle and converse, as well as providing music, song, and dance o Café-concerts were seen by some as being sinful and base however - Henri Toulouse-Lautrec, La Goulue and Jane Avril o Toulouse-Lautrec made famous posters for such concerts and performances as Moulin Rouge Decline - 1873-1896 recession, population decline, crime o The end of the century was not only characterized by happiness, but contrastingly an anxiety that gr
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