HLTH 101 Lecture Notes - Ottawa Charter For Health Promotion, Health Promotion, Global Exchange

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Published on 16 Oct 2011
School
Queen's University
Department
Health Studies
Course
HLTH 101
Professor
HLTH 101 Fall 2010
TOPIC 4. USING KNOWLEDGE TO CHANGE HUMAN
HEALTH STATUS
Basic Paradigms
i. Individual Reactive Intervention Approach
- Includes biomedical, psychology, some alternative
medicine
- Often not successful
- Ignores broad determinants of health (based on system of
diagnosing and treating, not other factors like environment)
- Success in trauma, some antibiotics, antivirals, vaccines,
and especially reduction in morbidity (pain, discomfort).
ii. Population-Based Approaches
- Prevention at population level
- Historically successful? (stopping child labour, accident
prevention, seatbelts, motorcycle helmets, improved
nutrition, infectious disease surveillance/control)
- All difficult to carry out; long term changes.
The Population Health Approach
in Canada, the population health approach has been
institutionalized as “official” policy
this was not accomplished overnight, but developed over the
past few decades
1. 1974: the Lalonde Report, examining the factors that
affected the health of Canadians, was released
with this report, the Canadian Government officially
recognized that the nation’s health was determined
by factors beyond narrow definitions of health
2. 1986: the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion was
established, identifying the “prerequisites” for health and
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Document Summary

Ignores broad determinants of health (based on system of diagnosing and treating, not other factors like environment) Success in trauma, some antibiotics, antivirals, vaccines, and especially reduction in morbidity (pain, discomfort): population-based approaches. Historically successful? (stopping child labour, accident prevention, seatbelts, motorcycle helmets, improved nutrition, infectious disease surveillance/control) All difficult to carry out; long term changes. In canada, the population health approach has been institutionalized as official policy. This was not accomplished overnight, but developed over the past few decades: 1974: the lalonde report, examining the factors that affected the health of canadians, was released. With this report, the canadian government officially recognized that the nation"s health was determined by factors beyond narrow definitions of health: 1986: the ottawa charter for health promotion was established, identifying the prerequisites for health and. Fall 2010 recognizing the possibility of ensuring these prerequisites at the federal level: 1994: the federal, provincial and territorial advisory.