Class Notes (1,100,000)
CA (650,000)
Queen's (10,000)
HLTH (400)
HLTH 101 (100)
Lecture 5

HLTH 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Gini Coefficient, Infant Mortality, Literacy Test

Health Studies
Course Code
HLTH 101
Elaine Power

This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 2 pages of the document.
HLTH 101 Lecture 5
Income Inequality
What is Income Inequality?
Income inequality refers to the uneven distribution of income in a specific geographic
area, such as a city, province or country
In other words, it is the gap in wealth between the richest and the poorest people in
any geographic location
Income as a Health Determinant
Income is the most decisive health determinant
o Why?
Income often decides the availability or access of resources people
For example, poor people have less access to medical resources
including hospitals, clinics, and specialists
This is especially true for poor, segregated communities and Indigenous
Wealthier people can afford medical resources of all types and in the
case of a lack of
access to medical resources, they have better
means of traveling to towns or cities that do have the resources
Wealthier people also have more access to the best quality healthcare,
whether it means traveling to another city or another country to access
such care
Wilkinson has hypothesized that the level of income inequality explains life
󴊩󴊼󴊴󴊩󴊧󴊸󴊥󴊲󴊧󴊽, 󴊳󴊲󴊧󴊩 󴊥 󴊧󴊳󴊹󴊲󴊸󴊶󴊽’󴊷 GDP 󴊭󴊷 󴊦󴊭󴊫 󴊩󴊲󴊳󴊹󴊫󴊬 󴊸󴊳 󴊱󴊩󴊩󴊸 󴊱󴊳󴊷󴊸 󴊴󴊩󴊳󴊴󴊰󴊩’󴊷 󴊦󴊥󴊷󴊭󴊧 󴊲󴊩󴊩󴊨󴊷.
The United States, the richest country in the world, has a relatively high level of
income inequality, with a Gini coefficient of 0.4.
find more resources at
find more resources at
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version