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Lecture 4

HLTH101 Lecture 4: Exploring PovertyPremium

Health Studies
Course Code
HLTH 101
Elaine Power

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HLTH 101 – Lecture 4 – Exploring Poverty
INQUEST: Suicide in Nunavut - A Public Health Crisis
-2013: 45 suicides
-Youngest individual to commit suicide was 11 years old
-Eldest individual to commit suicide was a grandmother
-Suicide rate is 13.5 times the national average
-Almost everyone knows someone who has committed suicide
-42 recommendations in the Nunavut 2010 suicide prevention plan - none have been
implemented because of lack of funds
-Would federal government commit funds if a public health emergency was declared?
INQUEST: Deaths of 7 Aboriginal Students
-7 Students, deaths between 2000 & 2011 in Thunder Bay, ON
-Students from remote First Nations communities have to relocate to go to high school,
consequently they live in boarding homes
-Provincial schools provide $10,000/student/year but federally funded Aboriginal schools
provide only $7000/student/year
What is Poverty?
Absolute Poverty: not being able to meet basic human needs, such as a healthy diet, housing,
clothing, heating, prescription medications
Relative Poverty: enough money to cover basic needs PLUS money to: live in a safe
environment, have a social life, feel part of your community, carry out “normal” activities, meet
transportation costs (emphasizes the experience of poverty)
**The rate of poverty depends on the criterion used to measure it
Material Items Necessary to Avoid Absolute Poverty (UK list for adults)
-Beds and bedding for everyone
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