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Lecture 8

HLTH 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Nicotine Replacement Therapy, Reduced Cost, Global HealthPremium


Department
Health Studies
Course Code
HLTH 101
Professor
Elaine Power
Lecture
8

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HLTH101–Lecture8–Addictions
“FamiliarFaceFred”London,ON
 Intheyearbeforehewashoused,hepaid250visitstothelocalhospitalemergencyroom,
oftenviaambulance.Inaddition,hehadover400encounterswiththepolice.
 Intheyearafterhewashoused,hepaid2visitstothelocalhospitalemergencyroom,and
had0encounterswiththepolice.
 Inordertohelphomelessness,hewroteanoteofcongratulationsandencouragementto:
PremiereKathleenWynne
DebMatthews,DeputyPremierandMinister(ResponsibleforPovertyReduction)
TedMcKeekin,MinisterofMunicipalAffairsandHousing
 Inaddition,hecontinuallyadvocatesforadditionalfunding
TobaccoUse
 Singlelargestcauseofpreventableprematuredeathinindustrializedcountries
 Associatedwithhigherratesofcancer(lung,larynx,mouth);heartdisease,stroke,lung
disease,hypertension,peripheralvasculardisease
 Estimated100millionprematuredeathsworldwideinthe20thcentury
SmokingRatesinCanada
 Peakedin1965when49%ofCanadiansovertheageof15smoked(M:61%F:38%)
 1999:25%ofCanadiansovertheageof15smoked,28%ofthoseaged1519smoked
 2013:15%ofCanadiansovertheageof15smoked(totalling4.6millionpeople)(M:16%
F:14%);11%ofthoseaged1519weresmokers
 ThereexistshigherratesofsmokingamongAboriginalpeople,lowerincomeandless
educated
Strategiestoreduceexposuretosmoke:
1) Smokingbans&restrictions(strongevidenceofeffectiveness)
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