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HLTH 323 (33)
Lecture 3

Cultural Sensitivity and Cultural Competence, week 3.docx

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Health Studies
HLTH 323
Stevenson Fergus

Cultural Sensitivity and Cultural Competence  Revise interventions o Consider new groups o Certain groups are marginalized  Those with low status  Those who are different from us Foreign Born Population in Canada  Foreign born population in Canada has increased o Depression leads to less immigration  Early 50’s percentages have increased  Second to Australia for most foreign born o Australia 22% foreign born o Canada 19% foreign born o USA 12% foreign born Foreign Born in Metropolitan Areas (Urban Areas)  Immigrants don’t settle evenly o Immigrants settle in urban areas (97%)  67% of people go to Toronto and Vancouver o 46% Toronto concentrated foreign born residence o 39% Vancouver concentrated foreign born residence  Where immigrants are coming from o Asia and Europe  1971 62% Europe  2006 Asia 58%  Immigrants from Asia increased in 2006  In the 1900’s most immigrations was from the UK Visible Minorities in Canada  Person’s other than Aboriginals, who are non Caucasian in race or non white in colour  2001 – 2006 o Total population grew 5.4% o Visible Minority population grew 27% o In 2006, the 16% of the popular were immigrants  Top Groups  South asian 24%  Chinese 24%  Black 15%  Visible minorities have more poor health outcomes Population Projections  Immigrants o in 2001 – 18% o In 2017 – 22%  Visible Minorities o 2001 – 13% o 2017 – 23%  Non official language spoken at home (second language) o 2001 – 17% o 2017 – 25% Aboriginal People in Canada  Aboriginal populations have been growing o Métis  Not fully north American  Have their own culture  Aboriginals are not evenly distributed o Nunavut o Territories o Sask. Aging of Canada  Median age in o 1966 was 25 years o 2001 was 37 years o 2006 was 39 years  80 Years and older o in 1991 661,000 o in 2001 932,000 o in 2006 1,167,00  People are living longer o Dealing with more health issues o More for the health care system Changing Household Structures  Married couples with kids have decreased  Other arrangements have increased o Single parents  Same sex couples have decreased  Common law relationships have increased Definitions  Cultural Sensitivity o Extent to which cultural characteristics, experiences, norms, values, behaviours, history, environment and social forces are INCORPORATED into design, delivery, and evaluation of health promotion materials and programs  2 Dimensions  Surface Structure  Using intervention materials and messages that are observable o Having a visible member of that community o Incorporating aboriginal symbols
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